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Magnetic force on a charge outside of toroidal coil

  • #1

Homework Statement


Turns of wire would around a toroidal core, carrying a sinusoidal alternating current i(t), represent a toroidal coil in my case. My question is, does magnetic force affect a non-moving charge outside of toroidal core and is there a magnetic field outside of toroidal core? What if the charge moves?[/B]

Homework Equations


Just theoretical explanation.[/B]

The Attempt at a Solution


I guess there is no magnetic field outside of the core, thus, no force affecting the charge outside of the core, but, I feel like I'm utterly wrong :(
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Hesch
Gold Member
922
153

Homework Statement


Turns of wire would around a toroidal core, carrying a sinusoidal alternating current i(t), represent a toroidal coil in my case. My question is, does magnetic force affect a non-moving charge outside of toroidal core and is there a magnetic field outside of toroidal core? What if the charge moves?[/B]

Homework Equations


Just theoretical explanation.[/B]

The Attempt at a Solution


I guess there is no magnetic field outside of the core, thus, no force affecting the charge outside of the core, but, I feel like I'm utterly wrong :(
Theoretical explanation: If the coil around the toroidal core is perfect (infinite number of turns) there is no magnetic field outside the core and the coil.

Practical explanation: There is a magnetic field because the coil is not perfect (finite number of turns). Assume that the number of turns around the core are reduced to zero, having a conductor along the core (but not around), then imagine a circulation path around this conductor (and the core). Now Amperes law states:

The circulation integral of Hds = N*I.

Therfore there must be a H-field along this path as N*I = I, ( B = μ0*H ). So as number of turns are reduced, the magnetic field outside the core will become more appearent due to a nonperfect coil. If the number of turns are infinite, no current will pass through this imagined circulation path.
 
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