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Meaning of "quasi-two-dimensional structure" of cuperates

  1. Sep 15, 2015 #1
    Does "quasi-two-dimensional structure" of cuperates mean that a cuperate material is regarded as a stack of thin layers and there is almost no structural interaction among the layers?

    BTW, is Meissner effect meaningfual to a thin film superconducting material?

    Thank you.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 15, 2015 #2

    radium

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    The conducting electrons are for the most part localized in the copper oxide layers. That is why condensed matter theorists (and experimentalists) who study high Tc and related phases (pseudo gap, strange metal) or spin liquids (which people think are somehow related) are so interested in 2D systems. In general 2D systems have very interesting transport properties (graphene, transition metal, dichalcogenides).

    The behavior of the cuprates in a magnetic field is more complicated since the sc coherence length is actually smaller than the London penetration depth (where you get the Meissner effect). You will start to get vortices (Abrikosov) at a certain field strength. Basically the vortex is a super current swirling into a nonsuperconducting region and is like a magnetic monopole since it gives one flux quantum from the field of the super current. The vortices can form a lattice. Eventually they will condense and destroy the sc state at the critical field strength.
     
  4. Sep 16, 2015 #3
    This is of great sense to me. Thank you very much.

    When I was in school many years ago, we were asked to try to observe Meissner effect of a cuperate sample. We failed to observe any; our professor also tried and failed. Is the experiment's design problematic, in view of that "the behavior of the cuprates in a magnetic field is more complicated (than pure Meissner effect)" or so on?
     
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