Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne

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In summary, a team of researchers has discovered two new minerals, elaliite and elkinstantonite, in a 15 tonne meteorite found in Somalia. These minerals were found in a single 70 gram slice of the meteorite and there is a possibility of a third mineral. The meteorite has been classified as an "Iron, IAB complex" meteorite and the minerals may provide insight into asteroid formation. The location of the main mass of the meteorite is uncertain and small samples are held at various universities. The IAB meteorites are composed of meteoric iron and silicate inclusions and the presence of these minerals may indicate oxidation processes that occurred in the meteorite. Further research is needed to determine if these
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Astronuc
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A team of researchers has discovered at least two new minerals that have never before been seen on Earth in a 15 tonne meteorite found in Somalia — the ninth largest meteorite ever found.

“Whenever you find a new mineral, it means that the actual geological conditions, the chemistry of the rock, was different than what’s been found before,” says Chris Herd, a professor in the Department of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences and curator of the University of Alberta’s Meteorite Collection. “That’s what makes this exciting: In this particular meteorite you have two officially described minerals that are new to science.”

The two minerals found came from a single 70 gram slice that was sent to the U of A for classification, and there already appears to be a potential third mineral under consideration. If researchers were to obtain more samples from the massive meteorite, there’s a chance that even more might be found, Herd notes.

The two newly discovered minerals have been named elaliite and elkinstantonite.
https://www.ualberta.ca/folio/2022/...e-may-reveal-clues-to-asteroid-formation.html

In collaboration with researchers at UCLA and the California Institute of Technology, Herd classified the El Ali meteorite as an “Iron, IAB complex” meteorite, one of over 350 in that particular category.

As Herd was analyzing the meteorite to classify it, he saw something that caught his attention. He brought in the expertise of Andrew Locock, head of the U of A’s Electron Microprobe Laboratory, who has been involved in other new mineral descriptions including Heamanite-(Ce).

https://www.ualberta.ca/institute-f...ation-and-technology/symposium2022/index.html
https://www.ualberta.ca/institute-f...y/media-library/symposium2022-videos/herd.mp4
 
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"Fifteen tons, and wt do you get..."
"St. Peter wants to know from where did it go....I know it dwelt in the Asteroid Belt."
 
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Another story on the two minerals and the 15 tonne meterorite
https://www.cnn.com/2022/12/24/world/new-minerals-discovered-in-el-ali-meteorite-scn/index.html

I wonder if the minerals formed during the descent through the atmosphere or upon impact.

“Phosphates in iron meteorites are secondary products: They form through oxidation of phosphides … which are rare primary components of iron meteorites,” he said via email. “Hence, the two new phosphates tell us about oxidation processes that occurred in the meteorite material. It remains to be seen if the oxidation occurred in space or on Earth, after the fall, but as far as I know, many of these meteorite phosphates formed in space. In either case, water is probably the reactant that caused the oxidation.”
It is an IAB meteorite.
Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Ali_meteorite - I assume the article will be expanded once more information is available.
The location of the main mass of the meteorite is uncertain; it was last recorded being shipped to China, presumably for sale. Small samples are held at the University of Arizona, the University of Alberta, and UC Los Angeles.
IAB - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IAB_meteorite
The IAB meteorites are composed of meteoric iron (kamacite and taenite) and silicate inclusions. Structurally they can be hexahedrites, fine to coarse octahedrites, or even ataxites. Most of them are octahedrite with medium to coarse taenite-lamella and distinct Widmanstätten patterning.

The silicate inclusions are composed of low-Ca pyroxene, high-Ca pyroxene, olivine, plagioclase, troilite, graphite, different phosphates, meteoric iron and traces of daubréelite and chromite.

https://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=74444
 
  • #4
Astronuc said:
I wonder if the minerals formed during the descent through the atmosphere or upon impact.

or during the original formation of the rock ?
Knowing if they were present only on the surface or if they were also present deeper inside the meteorite would answer that question
 

1. What is the significance of the "Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne"?

The "Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne" is significant because it is one of the largest meteorites ever discovered on Earth. It weighs 15 tonnes and ranks as the 9th largest meteorite in the world.

2. Where was the "Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne" found?

The meteorite was found in El Ali, a small village in the Hiiraan region of Somalia in 2020. It was discovered by local villagers who reported it to authorities.

3. How did the "Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne" get to Earth?

The meteorite is believed to have originated from the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. It likely broke off from an asteroid and entered Earth's atmosphere, eventually crashing into the ground in El Ali, Somalia.

4. What makes the "Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne" unique?

The meteorite is unique because of its size and composition. It is composed of iron and nickel, making it an iron meteorite. It also has a regmaglypt surface, which is a characteristic pattern caused by the melting and ablation of its surface during entry into Earth's atmosphere.

5. What can scientists learn from studying the "Meteorite from El Ali, Hiiraan, Somalia (2020) 9th largest - 15 tonne"?

Studying this meteorite can provide valuable insights into the formation and composition of the asteroid belt. It can also help scientists understand the processes that occur during the entry of a meteorite into Earth's atmosphere. Additionally, analyzing its composition can provide information about the early formation of our solar system.

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