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Homework Help: Modern Algebra: Basic problem dealing with Cosets

  1. Sep 30, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    If H is a subgroup of G and Ha = bH for elements a and b in G, show that aH = Hb.

    2. Relevant equations
    None needed

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I've basically just been fiddling around by right and left side multiplication of inverses and what not and can't seem to get it in the right form.. anyone want to guide me in the right direction?

    My attempt:
    Ha = bH --> (b^-1)Ha(a^-1) = (b^-1)bH(a^-1) = (b^-1)H = H(a^-1)
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 30, 2014 #2


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    Homework Helper

    Involving the inverses of [itex]a[/itex] and [itex]b[/itex] seems unproductive, since you know nothing about them beyond that they exist.

    Let [itex]h \in H[/itex]. If [itex]Ha = bH[/itex], what can you say about the element [itex]ha \in bH[/itex]?
  4. Sep 30, 2014 #3


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    Science Advisor

    I wouldn't try to do it that way. I would, instead, use individual elements of H. And then use inverse of the elements of H, not a and b. "Ha= bH" means that, for any x in H, there exist y in H such that xa= by. Multiply on both sides, on the right, by [itex]y^{-1}[/itex] to get [itex]xay^{-1}= b[/itex]. Now multiply both sides, on the left, by [itex]x^{-1}[/itex]: [itex]ay^{-1}= x^{-1}b[/itex].
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