Moment of Inertia Problems and Conservation of Energy

  • Thread starter Lancelot59
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  • #1
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I have this situation here:

GIANCOLI.ch10.p067.jpg


I'm given the masses for the objects, as well as the radius and mass of the pulley. I have to use conservation of energy laws to find out how fast the mass on the right is going the instant it hits the ground.

I can find out what the alpha of the pulley is, and therefore the accelration of the system, but that's just kinematics. How can I use conservation of energy to do it?

How could I do it if the pulley was ideal?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Doc Al
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How can I use conservation of energy to do it?
Compare the total mechanical energy of the system before and after the mass falls.
 
  • #3
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I don't follow...

I see that there is none before, and some after, when the block b has zero potential energy, block A has potential and kinetic energy, and the pulley has rotational kinetic energy...but if I knew those values then I could just save the trouble and use kinematics.
 
  • #4
Doc Al
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Set up a conservation equation:
KE1 + PE1 = KE2 + PE2

Make sure you include the PE and KE of both masses and the pulley. You'll be able to solve for the speed of block B without using force equations or kinematics. Hint: Express all the KE terms in terms of the speed of block B.
 

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