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Multipole Expansion of a Thin rod

  1. Nov 20, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider a very thin rod lying on the z axis from z = −L/2 to z = L/2. It carries a uniform charge density λ. Show that away from the rod, at the point r (r >>L), the potential can be written as V (r, θ) = (2Lλ/4πε0)(1/L)[ 1 + 1/3(L/2r)2P2(cos θ) + 1/3(L/2r)4 P4(cos θ) + · · ·# (1)

    2. Relevant equations
    special-techniques-teknik-khusus-11-728.jpg

    3. The attempt at a solution
    At the beginning, I tried to solve this question using cylindrical coordinates as there is some theta dependence in Legendre polynomial but it did not work.Then,I took the volume integral using cartesian coordinates and treating theta as constant.By doing that I could just take the Legendre polynomials out of the integration and calculate the integral with respect to z. I calculated the integral and put values of n up to n=4 and get the exact result in the square brackets but I have λL/4πε0r outside while I have to have 2λL/4πε0L.

    What should I do know? Is my assumption,the theta is constant, true?

    Thanks for your help...
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 20, 2016 #2

    vela

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    Check your algebra.
     
  4. Nov 21, 2016 #3
    thank you for your comment. the question is wrong, I informed today.
     
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