# Need help in finding COM of a hollow hemisphere

Gold Member

## Homework Statement

Hey everyone,
I'm studying for my physics and came across a question for the COM of a hemisphere.I made my attempt to calculate the COM.

## Homework Equations ## The Attempt at a Solution

I tried to calculate the y coordinate of COM this way,please go through it- I will be thankful for any help.

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verty
Homework Helper
$dy$ in your drawing is not actually $dy$. $dy$ would be a vertical line. That angled line $ds$ is longer, do you see that? Use $\theta$ to find its length. Then I think you'll get it.

Gold Member
$dy$ in your drawing is not actually $dy$. $dy$ would be a vertical line. That angled line $ds$ is longer, do you see that? Use $\theta$ to find its length. Then I think you'll get it.
Thanks but I can see how dy is a vertical line!
Can you send a rough diagram showing that?

verty
Homework Helper
Thanks but I can see how dy is a vertical line!
Can you send a rough diagram showing that?
$dy$ is the thickness of the disc. $ds$ is the length of the edge. Do you understand?

• navneet9431
Gold Member
$dy$ is the thickness of the disc. $ds$ is the length of the edge. Do you understand?
Ok!
So what should I use for calculating the area of the element?
Should I use dy?

verty
Homework Helper
Ok!
So what should I use for calculating the area of the element?
Should I use dy?
This should be in your book at some point. It'll explain why it works that way. But you need to use $ds$ or it won't give you the right answer.

• navneet9431
Gold Member
This should be in your book at some point. It'll explain why it works that way. But you need to use $ds$ or it won't give you the right answer.
This is the main problem!
My textbook nowhere explains why it works that way.
Can I get a bit of expalantion about why it works that way?

verty
Homework Helper
This is the main problem!
My textbook nowhere explains why it works that way.
Can I get a bit of expalantion about why it works that way?
Do you need a better book? It's not my policy to explain what a book could explain better anyway. Sorry.

Last edited:
PeroK
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Gold Member
Gold Member See the image.
These are the horizontal slices of the element ds as shown in the pic.
I think I have made the diagram correct as dy is the horizontal thickness and ds is the thickness of the edge.
So,if we see logically then it would be incorrect to calculate the area of the element this way, area of the element= 2*pi*y*cot(theta)*d(s) as the thickness of edge of each slice of the element marked on the hemisphere is different.
So calculating the area of the element this way must be wrong,Am I correct?

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haruspex