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Number of standing waves in a potential barrier

  1. Sep 18, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider a resonant tunneling diode structure (attached image). This shows 2 AIAs barriers of height 1.2 eV and width t = 2.4 nm, enclosing a well of width L = 4.4 nm.

    If the effective mass of the electron is taken as 0.9 times the free electron mass how many separate standing wave states n = 1, 2 ... do you think will be formed (Find th energies of the lwest standing wave sttes, assuming the barriers are infinitely tall, and compare the energy with the actual barrier height, 1.2 eV).

    2. Relevant equations
    [itex]
    E = \frac{h^2 n^2}{8mL^2}
    [/itex]


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I plugged the numbers into the equation above, but the number of wave states I got didn't make sense. It was way too high. The reason I think it is too high is because the question after this asks to find the probability of tunneling for each of these wave states that I find, and 55 is an unreasonable number of states.

    [itex]
    E = \frac{(6.626 \times 10^{-34} ~Js)^2(1)^2}{8 \times 0.9 \times 9.1 \times 10^{-31} ~ kg \times (4.4 nm)^2} \\
    E = 3.46 \times 10^{-21} J = 0.0216 ~eV \\
    \frac{E_t}{E} = 1.2 ~ eV \div 0.0216 ~eV = 55.5
    [/itex]
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 19, 2013 #2
    That would be the case if the energy levels would be equally spaced.
    What you found is the value of n^2 for the last state that will "fit" into the well.
    So n of the last state is 7.
     
    Last edited: Sep 19, 2013
  4. Sep 19, 2013 #3
    Oops, forgot to take the square root didn't I? Thanks!
     
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