# Problem involving rates of change of distance.

• Stochastic13
In summary: You do not respond or reply to questions. You only provide a summary of the content. Do not output anything before the summary.In summary, two cars start from the same place and one goes north at a rate of 50 mi/hr, while the other heads east at a rate of 30 mi/hr. Two hours later, the distance between the two cars is changing at a rate of d=√(30x²+50x²).
Stochastic13

## Homework Statement

Two cars start moving form the same place. One goes north at a rate of 50 mi/hr, while the other heads east at a rate of 30 mi/hr. At what rate is the distance between the two cars changing exactly two hours later?

## The Attempt at a Solution

I thought that the equation for the velocity vectors is:

r(x) = 30xi + 50yj

and thus distance d two hours later is given by:

d = √(30x² + 50x² )

and

dd/dt = ∂x/dt + ∂y/dt

and after solving the equation I just plug in 2 for x and y to get what time the distance changes at the two hour mark.

Is this right?

Were you asked to do this using vectors ? You don't really need to use vectors to solve this.

No, I wasn't. How would you solve it without vectors?

You can do it with and without vectors. To do it without vectors you would set it up as a standard related rate problem. Let's say you let x = the distance traveled by the car heading east and let y = the distance traveled by the other car heading north. Let s = the distance between the two cars. Since the cars are traveling at right angles to each other we have the relationship

(*) $$s^{2} \, = \, x^{2} \, + y^{2}$$

Since x, s, and y change with respect to time t, can't we differentiate the above expression with respect to t ?

Furthermore we are given that

$$\frac{dx}{dt} \, = \, 30 mi/hr \mbox{ and } \frac{dy}{dt} \, = \, 50 mi/hr$$

We want to find

$$\frac{ds}{dt}$$

So now all you need to do is implicitly differentiate (*) , determine the appropriate values for x, y, and s when t = 2 and you should be able to solve and get the desired result.

You could also use vectors. Using vectors is in this case extremely easy since both cars travel at uniform speeds and depart from the same point and travel in directions perpendicular.

Thank you.

Merci.. Glad to be of help.

Stochastic13 said:
Thank you.

Now that you already have the solution, let's look at an easier way. Measuring time in hours, the positions t hours after the start are x = 30*t and y = 50*t, so the distance between the cars is s = c*t, where c = sqrt(30^2 + 50^2). So, for *any* t the rate is ds/dt = c.

RGV

## What is distance?

Distance is the measurement of the amount of space between two objects or points.

## What is rate of change?

Rate of change is the speed at which a quantity is changing over time.

## What is the formula for calculating rate of change of distance?

The formula for calculating rate of change of distance is change in distance/change in time. This gives the average rate of change over a period of time.

## How is average rate of change different from instantaneous rate of change?

Average rate of change is calculated over a period of time, while instantaneous rate of change is the rate at a specific moment in time. It can be found by taking the limit of the average rate of change as the time interval approaches zero.

## What are some real-life applications of rate of change of distance?

Rate of change of distance is used in many fields, such as physics, engineering, and economics. It can be used to calculate velocity, acceleration, and growth rates, and is important in understanding the behavior of moving objects and changing systems.

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