Proof of an inverse trigonometric identity

  • #1
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
73

Homework Statement


Show that ##\arcsin 2x \sqrt{1-x^2} = 2 \arccos{x}## when 1/√2 < x < 1

Homework Equations


All trigonometric and inverse trigonometric identities, special usage of double angle identities here

The Attempt at a Solution


I can get the answer by puting x=cosy, the term inside arcsin becomes 2cosysiny=sin2y, so the answer is 2y=2arccosx
BUT
why can't I put x=siny and obtain the answer as 2arcsinx as in the case when 1/√2< x <1/√2
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
BvU
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
14,093
3,520
Perhaps because you still get ##2y=2\arccos x\ ##?
 
  • #3
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
73
Perhaps because you still get ##2y=2\arccos x\ ##?
When we put x=siny, we get {arcsin(2sinycosy=sin2y)}=2y, now arcsinx=y, so we get 2arcsinx not arccosx
 
  • #4
Ray Vickson
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Dearly Missed
10,706
1,728

Homework Statement


Show that ##\arcsin 2x \sqrt{1-x^2} = 2 \arccos{x}## when 1/√2 < x < 1

Homework Equations


All trigonometric and inverse trigonometric identities, special usage of double angle identities here

The Attempt at a Solution


I can get the answer by puting x=cosy, the term inside arcsin becomes 2cosysiny=sin2y, so the answer is 2y=2arccosx
BUT
why can't I put x=siny and obtain the answer as 2arcsinx as in the case when 1/√2< x <1/√2
Do you mean ##\arcsin(2x) \, \cdot \sqrt{1-x^2} = \sqrt{1-x^2} \arcsin(2x)## or do you mean ##\arcsin (2x \sqrt{1-x^2})?##
 
Last edited:
  • #5
vela
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Education Advisor
14,874
1,449
Note that you can only say ##\arcsin \sin 2y = 2y## only if ##-\pi/2 \le 2y \le \pi/2##.

Try plotting the two sides of the equation for ##0 \le x \le 1## to get some insight into what's going on.
 
  • #7
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
73
Note that you can only say ##\arcsin \sin 2y = 2y## only if ##-\pi/2 \le 2y \le \pi/2##.

Try plotting the two sides of the equation for ##0 \le x \le 1## to get some insight into what's going on.
I'll do that and get back with what I understand, thank you
 

Related Threads on Proof of an inverse trigonometric identity

Replies
3
Views
5K
Replies
7
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
709
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
2K
Replies
4
Views
641
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
Top