Pulley, Strings, Friction [Please]{Mechanics}

  1. Pulley, Strings, Friction [Please..]{Mechanics}[not Solved]

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    1) I am really confused about how tension is same on both sides of pulley. Also, how do friction of pulley affect tension in string?

    2) Also want to know how tension provides torque to pulley since tension in each segment is perfectly cancelled out by adjoining string segments.

    3) If possible can anyone give me free body diagram of tension in each segments of various parts in a pulley?

    4) What is the basis of constrained motion? How do i use them to make relations??

    2. Relevant equations

    No equations. Conceptual Problem

    3. The attempt at a solution

    tried a lot. No use.. :(
    Last edited: Apr 24, 2011
  2. jcsd
  3. NOone here to clear by doubts huh??! !!!!
  4. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    Tension is the same on both sides of a massless and frictionless pulley.

    I don't understand what you mean 'tension in each segment being canceled out'. For a segment of a massless rope, the net force is zero. But the rope still transmits a force from one end to the other.
  5. How?!! How does tension change if there is friction and mass on pulley?
  6. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    Well, something's got to accelerate the massive pulley or overcome the friction. If the tension were the same on both sides, there would be no net torque.
  7. Okay. Consider this. There is a slit through which the string passes and slit provides friction. is tension same on both sides of pulley? Is tension same on both sides of slit?

    Consider this. there is no block on one side of pulley. Is there tension on string now?
    What is providing centripetal acceleration required by string to move in circular path??

    Consider this: There is two blocks on one side of a pulley, connected in series and one block on other side. is tension same on both sides of pulley and between the two blocks on one side?
    You have cleared a majour part of my doubt . Thanks!
  8. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    Sorry, but I don't understand what you mean.

    If I understand you correctly, no.
    The string is treated as massless.

    Yes, if the pulley is massless and frictionless.
    No. The rope segment between those two blocks will have a different tension than the other rope segment.
  9. [​IMG]


    If tension is different, how do i calculate that?
    May i Know Why? What is the purpose of tension afterall?

    I got you.

    I got you

    How do i calculate that tension??

    Thanks a lot.
  10. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    A massless rope requires something pulling on each end for it to have tension.

    In the usual manner: Identify the forces acting on each body and apply Newton's 2nd law.
  11. Thanks but answer the first question also?
  12. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    About the slit? If it provides friction, then the tension will be different on each side of the slit.
  13. Can you please explain how?
  14. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    How much friction does the slit exert?
  15. 10N. Or take it as unknown if you want it that way.
  16. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    If the force required to overcome friction is 10N, then that's the difference in tension across the slit.
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