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Pyramidal horn antenna vs. conical horn antenna

  1. Aug 13, 2016 #1
    Hi, a buddy of mine is working on a projecting trying to find the best way to transmit electromagnetic wave frequencies, and he wants to use a horn antenna for his project.

    I was looking into horn antennas, and I'm just curious, the wiki page leaves two separate equations for gain, one with a pyramidal horn antenna, and another for a conical horn antenna. But the equations look pretty much the same, minus the differences of the two shapes that the equations seem to factor in.

    What is the biggest reason one would choose one type of horn antenna over another? For example, choosing a pyramidal shaped one versus a conical one?
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 13, 2016 #2


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    The type of waveguide usually. Conical horns with cylindrical waveguides.
  4. Aug 13, 2016 #3
    Ah, so my first guess was right, it has more to do with the waveguide you happen to be using, rather than the kind of electromagnetic waves you are trying to transmit? Man, this stuff is really fun :)
  5. Aug 13, 2016 #4


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    Welcome to the PF. :smile:
    What frequency band? What power level? What country are you guys in? What is the end application?
  6. Aug 13, 2016 #5
    I apologize berkeman, but I cannot discuss those kind of details about the project, other than the fact that we live in the United States, which is fine, since my question pertains only to why in general one would choose a pyramidal or conical horn antenna(one over the other).
  7. Aug 13, 2016 #6


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    Staff: Mentor

    Fair enough, but keep in mind that the EM spectrum is regulated by the FCC, and you can't just start transmitting at any old frequency at any old power without getting the appropriate FCC license. If you are working in a shielded lab or anechoic chamber, you generally would not need an FCC license because you cannot cause harmful interference with other outside receivers.

    But if you start transmitting any appreciable power in a public safety band with your experiments, I can pretty much guarantee you will hear a knock on your door pretty soon after you start transmitting. (And I may be one of the folks doing the knocking...) A word to the wise. :wink:
  8. Aug 13, 2016 #7
    Absolutely! Thanks for the reminder.
  9. Aug 13, 2016 #8


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    and also to that Pyramidal horns will be used on a rectangular WG and can be orientated for either horizontal or vertical polarisation

    where a conical will be used for circular polarisation on a cylindrical WG as nsaspook alluded to

    Ohhh dear ... how many times we see that cop out !! :rolleyes:

    @nsaspook you better get you buddies to keep an eye on this guy!! :wink::wink:

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