Question about temperature and Specific Weight

  1. Dec 30, 2013 #1
    Hello,

    I know there are many different representations of temperature, there's 4, 1) Fahrenheit 2) Kelvin 3) Celsius then there's 4) T = 460 + F

    In my fluid dynamics review book To calculate specific weight γ= P(pressure) / (R * T) = lb/ft^3, it explained that T should be absolute temp so I used 2) kelvin, but the book used 4) T = 460+F

    Can somebody explain what 460 + F stands for??

    Thanks,
    Peter
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 30, 2013 #2

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    Absolute in this context means any scale for which zero is at absolute zero. 460+F is also known as a Rankine scale.
     
  4. Dec 30, 2013 #3
    So Rankine scale goes with british units lb/ft^3 and kelvin scale goes with international units like kg/m^3?
     
  5. Dec 30, 2013 #4

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    Not necessarily. Units used will change the R value - it can be calculated to use any combination of mass, length and temperature units (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideal_gas_constant - see the table on the right). The only important thing is that the temperature scale is absolute (as explained in my previous post).
     
  6. Dec 30, 2013 #5
    Generally, yes, you'll see those pairings. Not necessarily just those units--other units will be used besides lbs/ft^3. Fahrenheit is usually used by those that use US Customary units, and we happen to also use lbs, inches/ft, etc, so the pairing is usually natural.

    1 °Ra is equivalent to a change of 1 °F. Whereas 1 Kelvin is equal a change of 1 °C.
     
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