Question on considering final velocity

  • #1

Homework Statement



bolt comes loose underneath an elevator that is moving upward at a speed of 6.0 m/s and reaches the bottom in 3.0s . find how high above the bottom of the shaft it came loose and the speed of the bolt when it hits the bottom.

i figured out the problem but my question is why dont you consider the final velocity as 0 because when the bolt is on the bottom of the shaft there is no velocity? this is what i first tried to do when attempting to find the initial velocity but that is wrong....so i just wanted to know why i cant put v final as 0.


Homework Equations



vf=vo+at

The Attempt at a Solution

 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Doc Al
Mentor
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You are considering the motion of the bolt under the influence of gravity alone. So the 'final' velocity in your kinematic analysis should be the speed of the bolt just before it hits the floor of the elevator.

After it hits the floor of the elevator, other forces come into play.
 
  • #3
SteamKing
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
12,798
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Because the velocity of the bolt does not go to zero until after it has struck the bottom of the shaft.
 
  • #4
thank you!
 

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