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Homework Help: Shear and Tensile force with factor of safety

  1. Jan 16, 2017 #1
    20170116_205839.jpg 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A load p of 5kn is applied to the tensile member shown and carried at the joint by a single 20mm diameter rivet.The angle of the shear joint is 60 degrees to the axis of the load.

    calculate the tensile stress in the rivet
    calculate the shear stress in the rivet

    given that the ultimate tensile strength for the rivet is 80MN/m. What is the safety factor for this joint.

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution
    shear force=5sin30
    shear force=2.5kn

    Tensile force=5cos30
    Tensile force=4.330127kn

    CSA of rivet=pie x 0.01^2
    CSA of rivet=3.14159 x 10^-4

    Shear stress=force/area

    Shear stress=2500N/3.14159 x 10^-4
    Shear stress=7957753.876 NM/2

    Tensile stress=4330.127N/3.14159 x 10^-4
    Tensile stress=13783233.97 NM/2

    Factor of safety= UTS/working stress

    80MN/m=80 x 10^6 NM/2


    Factor of safety for joint=5.8

    I posted a similar question yesterday and thank all for there help...i just wanted to make sure that the above is correct and im resolving my vectors correctly to work out the shear and tensile forces.

    Thanks again

  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 16, 2017 #2


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    Your numbers for shear and tensile stress look good, but be careful on how you write your units. A meganewton per meter squared stress is MN/m2, usually denoted as MPa ((megapascal) for short. Don't express large numbers in Newtons, they get too long. Also be sure to round off all answers to one decimal point at the most. Your safety factor for tension stress also looks good. Don't indicate any safety factor for shear stress, as not only it was not asked,but also the ultimate shear strength for the bolt is a lot less than the ultimate tensile strength.
  4. Jan 17, 2017 #3
    Hi there

    Thanks again for your input...i will watch my units and decimal places....I have attached a copy of my working....and specifically my triangle vector....can you confirm that im setting this up correctly,as when i handed a similar question in he said my triangle was wrong,and therefore my shear and tensile force.

    Thanks for your help 20170116_205742.jpg
  5. Jan 17, 2017 #4


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    vector comp.jpg vector comp.jpg
    Your diagram is wrong, even though your answer is correct. Always sketch your diagrams close to scale. When breaking up a vector into its components, use the arrow to tail graphical sketch as shown. Now I understand why your solution is being marked wrong. See attached
  6. Jan 17, 2017 #5


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    Actually, your sketch will be ok if you show the bolt, change the vector arrows accordingly, and show the angles to a better scale (it looks like 45 degree angles instead of 30 and 60). Otherwise your answers for tension and shear are ok.
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