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## Homework Statement

Show that a line in R2 is a subspace if and only if it passes through the origin (0,0)

## The Attempt at a Solution

S={(x,y)| (x,y) =(0,0)}

Or

S = {(x,y)|x=y}

Am I setting up the problem correctly?

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- Thread starter negation
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- #1

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Show that a line in R2 is a subspace if and only if it passes through the origin (0,0)

S={(x,y)| (x,y) =(0,0)}

Or

S = {(x,y)|x=y}

Am I setting up the problem correctly?

- #2

maajdl

Gold Member

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First, you need to understand the meaning of each word in the problem.

What are the meaning of:

- a line in R2, what is that?

- what is a subspace, very important: you must be able to explain what is a subspace

- since subspace is a space, you need to know the meaning of a space too

- finally what is the meaning of a line passing through the origin

How are you used to represent a line? Star with that.

- #3

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First, you need to understand the meaning of each word in the problem.

What are the meaning of:

- a line in R2, what is that?

- what is a subspace, very important: you must be able to explain what is a subspace

- since subspace is a space, you need to know the meaning of a space too

- finally what is the meaning of a line passing through the origin

How are you used to represent a line? Star with that.

I wasn't guessing. I never make guesses to a problem. The learning curve has been very steep for this unit and the lectures isn't quite helpful. I want to cement my understanding of vector space and subspace by THIS week.

I have one fundamental problem in my understanding of vector space.

E.g., S = {(x,y)|. . . }

What does (x,y) stands for?

As to your question, and I shall do to my best of my current understanding to answer:

-A line in R2 implies a plane in a 2-dimension.

-A subspace is a subset of a vector space. Let's suppose S is a collection of vectors. For S to qualify as a subspace, the vectors as member vector of S must:

1) be closed under addition such that if u and v are member vectors of S, u + v must equally be member vectors of S.

2) be closed under scalar multiplication such that if u is a member vector of S, and k is a scalar of the field line, then u. k must be a member vector of S.

3) the zero-vector must be a vector member of S.

-A line passing through an origin is a plane/ line cutting through the point (0,0)

- A line can be represented by the equation y = mx + c

Last edited:

- #4

Mark44

Mentor

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Here, S is a set consisting of a single point - the origin.## Homework Statement

Show that a line in R2 is a subspace if and only if it passes through the origin (0,0)

## The Attempt at a Solution

S={(x,y)| (x,y) =(0,0)}

S is the line whose equation is y = x. There are many (an infinite number) other lines in the plane that pass through the origin.Or

S = {(x,y)|x=y}

Am I setting up the problem correctly?

No, not at all. You need to prove two things:

1. If a line in R

2. If a line is a subspace of R

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