1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Sound Intensity- just need someone to check my work

  1. Aug 10, 2011 #1

    cep

    User Avatar

    Sound Intensity-- just need someone to check my work :)

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    While enjoyable, rock concerts can damage people's hearing. In the front row at a rock concert, 5m from the speaker system, the sound intensity is 145 dB. How far back would you have to sit for the sound intensity to drop below the recommended safe level of 90 dB?

    2. Relevant equations

    [itex]\Delta[/itex]B=10 log(I1/I2)

    I1/I2=r2^2/r1^2, so [itex]\Delta[/itex]B = 20 log (r2/r1)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Plugging into the above equation yields (145-90) = 20 log (r2/5)

    Rearranging, r2 = 5*10^[(145-90)/20] = 2812 m. I don't know where I could've made a mistake-- this is a pretty straightforward problem-- but that answer seems unreasonable.

    Does it look alright to you?

    Thanks!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 10, 2011 #2
    Re: Sound Intensity-- just need someone to check my work :)

    This is correct under the simplifying (but not totally correct) assumption that all the sound power from the concert is a concentrated point source.

    A better model would be a combination of point sources or a distributed line source.
     
  4. Aug 10, 2011 #3

    cep

    User Avatar

    Re: Sound Intensity-- just need someone to check my work :)

    Thanks! The course I'm taking makes a LOT of simplifying assumptions haha.
     
  5. Aug 10, 2011 #4

    PeterO

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Re: Sound Intensity-- just need someone to check my work :)

    You can get a rough estimate using the idea that if you double the distance from a sound source, you get a 6dB drop in level.

    5m - 145 dB
    10m - 139 dB
    20m - 133 dB
    40m - 127 dB
    .
    .
    .
    2560 - 91 dB

    so you are after an answer a bit bigger than that, so you are correct.

    The question is probably twisted tutor's attempt to tell you to stay away from rock concerts!!
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook