# Sum of a finite exponential series

1. Nov 10, 2011

### ElfenKiller

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Given is $\sum_{n=-N}^{N}e^{-j \omega n} = e^{-j\omega N} \frac{1-e^{-j \omega (2N+1)}}{1 - e^{-j\omega}}$. I do not see how you can rewrite it like that.

2. Relevant equations

Sum of a finite geometric series: $\sum_{n=0}^{N}r^n=\frac{1-r^{N+1}}{1-r}$

3. The attempt at a solution

Or is the above result based on this more general equation: $\sum_{n=0}^{N}ar^n=a\frac{1-r^{N+1}}{1-r}$? Although I think the equation in (2) is just this equation for a=1, right?

So, I know how to get to the 2nd term in (1), i.e., $\frac{1-e^{-j \omega (2N+1)}}{1 - e^{-j\omega}}$, but I have no idea why it is multiplied by the term $e^{-j\omega N}$.

2. Nov 10, 2011

### danago

Did you notice that the sum you are trying to compute actually starts from n=-N and not n=0? I think you can get the answer you want by making a change of variable and then using the geometric series equation you have identified.

Last edited: Nov 10, 2011
3. Nov 10, 2011

### ElfenKiller

Yes, I've noticed that it starts there. That's why I thought it can be rewritten as $\frac{1−e^{-j\omega(2N+1)}}{1−e^{−jω}}$, but the solution states that this fraction is multiplied by $e^{−jωN}$.

4. Nov 10, 2011

### danago

Are you sure that the exponential term in front of the fraction does have a negative sign? I just tried doing the working and ended up with a positive sign, i.e.:

$$\sum^{N}_{n=-N} e^{-j\omega n} = e^{j\omega N} \frac{1-e^{-j\omega(2N+1)}}{1-e^{-j\omega}}$$

I did it by making the substitution $\phi=n+N$. I will check my working again.

EDIT: I have checked over my working and have convinced myself that the negative should not be there. It is late here so i could easily have made a mistake though :tongue:

Last edited: Nov 10, 2011
5. Nov 10, 2011

### ElfenKiller

Okay, thank you. For me, it is not about the sign in the exponent. I do not see why we have to multiply by the term in front of the fraction. But I think I rewrote the equation in the wrong way. Can you give me your steps?

6. Nov 10, 2011

### danago

You have transformed the upper and lower limits of the sum, however you have not applied the same transformation to the variable n in the summand.

If $\phi=n+N$, then the new limits of the sum will be $\phi=0$ and $\phi=2N$. You must then also replace the 'n' in the summand with $n=\phi-N$. If you do this then you will get the right answer.

EDIT:
The transformed sum will be:

$$\sum^{2N}_{\phi=0} e^{-j\omega (\phi-N)} = e^{j\omega N} \frac{1-e^{-j\omega(2N+1)}}{1-e^{-j\omega}}$$

7. Nov 10, 2011

### danago

Maybe it will be easier to understand if we look at why what you did isn't quite correct.

$$\sum^{N}_{n=-N} e^{n} = e^{-N}+e^{-N+1}+...+1+e^1+...+e^{N-1}+e^N$$

$$\sum^{2N}_{n=0} e^{n} = 1+e^{1}+...+e^{2N-1}+e^{2N}$$

See how they are not the same?

8. Nov 10, 2011

### ElfenKiller

Ah, I see the problem now. Thanks!

9. Nov 10, 2011

No problem!