# System of Differential Equations

System of Differential Equations (Urgent)

## Homework Statement

Solve for y(t). You need not find x(t).
$$2x' + y' - y = t$$
$$x' + y' = t^2$$
x(0) = 1, y(0) = 0

## The Attempt at a Solution

$$2Dx + (D - 1)[y] = t$$
$$Dx + Dy = t^2$$
$$2D^2x + (D^2 - D)[y] = 1$$
$$2D^2x + 2D^2y = 4t$$
$$(D^2 + D)[y] = 4t - 1$$
$$y'' + y' = 4t - 1$$
I solved the above equation using undetermined coefficients. It's a lot of writing, so I'll just put the answer here:
$$y(t) = 2t^2 - 5t + C_{1} + C_{2}E^{-t}$$
Using the initial value y(0) = 0
$$0 = C_{1} + C_{2}$$
$$C_{1} = -C_{2}$$

I'm stuck at applying the other initial value. It says you don't need to find x(t), so I was wondering if there is a way to do this without going through and solving for x(t) then solving for the constants and such.

Last edited:

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
Integrating both sides of x'+ y'= t2, you get x(t)+ y(t)= (1/3)t3. In particular, x(0)+ y(0)= 0.

When doing that integration, isn't a constant introduced into the equation?
$$x + y = \frac{t^3}{3} + C_{3}$$
$$x = \frac{t^3}{3} + C_{3} - y$$
$$x = \frac{t^3}{3} + C_{3} - 2t^2 + 5t - C_{1} - C_{2}E^{-t}$$

I also tried
$$x + y = \frac{t^3}{3} + C_{3}$$
let t = 0
$$x(0) + y(0) = C_{3}$$
$$1 + 0 = C_{3}$$
$$x(t) = \frac{t^3}{3} + 1 - 2t^2 + 5t - C_{1} - C_{2}E^{-t}$$
x(0) = 1
$$1 = 1 - C_{1} - C_{2}$$
$$C_{1} = -C_{2}$$
Which is the same thing I got before.

*EDIT* sorry, the initial condition for x was x(0) = 1.

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
Oh, blast! You are right!

So, is this solvable?

Dick
Homework Helper
So, is this solvable?

If x(t) solves your equations, then so does x(t)+C. A value for x(0) doesn't constrain the solution in any way. Are you sure the boundary condition isn't for x'(0)? BTW you could avoid introducing an extra derivative and just written a first order equation for y.

HallsofIvy