The differences between autocorrelation and convolution

  1. Hi,

    This is something that has appeared in a module, we've had a lab session in it but im still not sure what it is.

    I don't understand the formulas given in lecture notes so I was hoping someone could explain it?

    R1(τ) = ∫f(t)f(t+τ)dt = f V f

    C12(τ)= ∫ f1(t)f2(-t+τ) dt

    Any help would be really appreciated!
  2. jcsd
  3. mathman

    mathman 6,750
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    I'll describe it in the context of probability theory.

    Autocorrelation refers to a property of a stochastic process, describing how events at one time are related to events at another time. The integral you displayed is (after taking statistical average) is the auto covariance. It needs to be normalized by the variance to get the autocorrelation.

    Convolution is used to get the distribution function of a sum of two independent random variables, given the distribution functions of the given random variables.
  4. Thank you for replying! :)

    So how would you apply it in mathematical terms?

    I understand what you have said it is in terms of probability theory but how would you apply it to signal theory?
    Last edited: Jan 21, 2012
  5. mathman

    mathman 6,750
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    In this context, signal theory uses probability theory - look at the signal as a stationary Gaussian process with a spectrum. The autocorrelation is essentially the Fourier transform of the spectrum (or the inverse transform). Convolution would come into play when adding two signals.
  6. Convolution is used in signal processing in the time domain. Convolution runs the impulse response backward in time against the signal to solve for the output given an arbitrary input.
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