1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data I'm trying to find an expression for the efficiency of a stirling engine operating with an ideal diatomic gas, and cycling through a volume V and a multiple of its compression ratio, r, Vr. 2. Relevant equations processes: 1-2 isothermal expansion 2-3 isochoric cooling 3-4 isothermal compression 4-1 isochoric heating r=compression ratio Th=high temperature Tl=low temperature Work=W1 proc. 1-2 (nRTh)ln(r) Work=W2 proc. 3-4 (nRTl)ln(1/r) Work Net= W1-W2= nRln(r)(Th-Tl) since ln=-ln(1/r) Heat Input=Qh=nCv(Th-Tl)=(5/2)R(Th-Tl) Efficiency=e=W Net/Heat Input=[nRln(r)(Th-Tl)]/[(5/2)nR(Th-Tl) Canceling:e=(5/2)ln(r) This does not Make sense since efficiency for an engine with an equal compression ration of say r=10 operating at a Temp high of 300k and low of 200k would have a carnot efficiency of (1/3) while with the above equation e=.92 which is impossible.
You are assuming that heat flow into the gas occurs only in the 4-1 constant volume part. Apply the first law to the isothermal expansion (1-2): ΔQ = ΔU + W; AM
Yes, but the heat flow occurring in 2-3 is an out flow so it wouldn't be included in the efficiency calculation which is based on only on the heat input, right?
Exactly. Since it is isothermal, ΔU = 0. So, by the first law, ΔQ_{1-2} = W_{1-2} (where W = the work done BY the gas). You can see from the first law that heat flow into the gas occurs from 4-1 AND from 1-2. AM
I did not say 2-3. I said 1-2. Apply the first law. You will see that there is positive heat flow into the gas from 1-2. AM