# Thermodynamics Maxwell relation

1. Jun 26, 2013

### LagrangeEuler

When can be used
$$(\frac{\partial S}{\partial V})=\frac{P}{T}$$?

2. Jun 26, 2013

### CompuChip

The fundamental relation is, if I recall correctly,
$\mathrm dE = T \, \mathrm dS - p \, \mathrm dV + \mu \, \mathrm dN$

So setting dE = 0, you obtain P/T = dS/dV when dN = 0, so if the number of particles and the energy in the system don't change.
For convenience you can put this in the subscript:
$\left( \frac{\partial S}{\partial V} \right)_{E, N} = \frac{P}{T},$
as a reminder that E and N should be kept constant.

3. Jun 26, 2013

### LagrangeEuler

And could you get this relation without using first law of thermodynamics?