# Homework Help: Thomson Scattering Hot Ionised Hydrogen Region!

1. Feb 22, 2015

### leonmate

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Consider photons crossing a large hot ionised hydrogen region with constant electron density ne = 5*105 m-3. Assuming that the photons and the electrons interact via Thomson scattering (with Thomson scattering cross section, σT = 6.65*10-29 m2, what is the thickness Δx that this region should have in order to be 'optically thick'?

2. Relevant equations

Sifting through my textbooks I've found a few useful equations:

Optical depth for the medium for Thomson scattering:
τ = ∫ σT * ne dx

Mean free path:

l = (σT * ne)-1

3. The attempt at a solution

So, I've thought about this problem a couple of ways. The main issue is I can't find a definition for 'optically thick'. At what point does the gas region become optically thick. Is it when it is larger than the mean free path? I've also got a few notes about self-absorption processes in optically thick mediums, I don't know how to make that relevant either.

'For a completely ionized hydrogen gas, ne is equal to the number density of protons that carry most of the mass'
from my text book: The Physics of Astrophysical Processes, Bradt.

So, if this is the case then I need to swap out my Thomson cross section as this is related to the mass of the particles and it would now be ~10-35 m2.

This increases the mean free path significantly also, from 3*1022 up by a factor of 106

Any hints would be greatly appreciated!

2. Feb 22, 2015

### Bystander

An unusual term. Could it be in reference to "extinction coefficient?" Not a hint --- more a wild guess at the meaning of "optically thick."

3. Feb 22, 2015

### leonmate

Thanks for the reply, I've found what my lecturer was after.

He's defined optically thick as the gas thickness being greater than the mean free length path. It was hidden away in some exercises and solutions, not in the notes for some reason though.

Also, any thoughts on the fact I should be considering the protons over electrons because of their much larger mass? I don't think it's what he's looking for in the question but I'm curious if it's a valid point.

4. Feb 22, 2015

### Bystander

The "stellar" gang should be in fairly frequently since it's Sunday --- better source than I --- stick around and they'll get to you.

Edit: @mfb

Last edited: Feb 22, 2015