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Voltage measured across battery terminals

  1. Nov 17, 2009 #1
    Hello Experts! :!!)

    I have a LED light with 3 leds, a switch and a resistor i added to adjust for higher supply voltage.

    I removed the batteries and connect it to a DC voltage source from power adaptor.

    Without anything connected as load to this DC source, the voltage read 5.17V

    with the LED connect to the DC source and LED switch turned on, the voltage measured across the same terminals is lower at 4.97v.

    I found that the switch itself has a resistance of 0.75 ohm.

    I could not understand why the voltage supplied is 5.17v measured at the battery terminals but when the LEDs are switched on, it drops a bit. Should not the voltage source measured at the terminals remain constant?

    Sorry if this is a noob question. I am beginning to explore this field.

    Hope to receive your advice.

    sincerely
    Ramone :smile:
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 17, 2009 #2
    That's a good question.

    Basically, the reason the voltage drops is because of the internal resistance of the battery.

    Batteries can't supply infinite amount of current. If you attempt to draw more current, then more voltage will drop. And if you were to connect a battery to a load, then you will get a voltage divider. Here is a model of its internal behavior:


    http://people.sinclair.edu/nickreeder/EET150/PageArt/voltageSourceResistance.gif
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 24, 2017
  4. Nov 20, 2009 #3
    Dear Waht,
    thanks for your clear explanation. I really appreciate it.

    Wishing you a great weekend ahead.

    sincerely
    Ramone
     
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