What Is Voyager 2's Speed After Jupiter Slingshot?

In summary, a spacecraft Voyager 2 (with mass m and speed v relative to the Sun) approaches the planet Jupiter (with mass M and speed V relative to the Sun) and rounds the planet before departing in the opposite direction. After this slingshot encounter, which can be analyzed as a collision, its speed relative to the Sun is unknown. However, we can assume v = 12 km/s and V = 13 km/s (the orbital speed of Jupiter) and that the mass of Jupiter is much greater than the spacecraft (M >> m). The total energy of the spacecraft may have changed and its kinetic energy or speed may also be different after the encounter.
  • #1
Zonda
13
0
Spacecraft Voyager 2 (of mass m and speed v relative to the Sun) approaches the planet Jupiter (of mass M and speed V relative to the Sun) as shown in Fig. 10-60. The spacecraft rounds the planet and departs in the opposite direction. What is its speed, relative to the Sun, after this slingshot encounter, which can be analyzed as a collision? Assume v = 12 km/s and V = 13 km/s (the orbital speed of Jupiter). The mass of Jupiter is very much greater than the mass of the spacecraft (M >> m).

I don't understand how to solve this problem without numbers for masses.
 
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  • #2
Zonda said:
Spacecraft Voyager 2 (of mass m and speed v relative to the Sun) approaches the planet Jupiter (of mass M and speed V relative to the Sun) as shown in Fig. 10-60. The spacecraft rounds the planet and departs in the opposite direction. What is its speed, relative to the Sun, after this slingshot encounter, which can be analyzed as a collision? Assume v = 12 km/s and V = 13 km/s (the orbital speed of Jupiter). The mass of Jupiter is very much greater than the mass of the spacecraft (M >> m).

I don't understand how to solve this problem without numbers for masses.
I think the idea here is that in its initial position a large distance from Jupiter it has 0 potential with respect to Jupiter and has positive kinetic energy. After its encounter with Jupiter, and its return to its initial position traveling in the opposite direction, what can you say about its total energy? Has there been any change? So what is its kinetic energy/speed?

AM
 
  • #3


I would first clarify the specific details and assumptions of the problem. In this case, I would ask for the specific masses of the spacecraft and Jupiter in order to accurately calculate the final speed after the encounter.

Once the masses are known, I would use the conservation of momentum and energy principles to determine the final speed of the spacecraft relative to the Sun. This would involve considering the initial and final velocities, as well as the masses of the objects involved.

Based on the given information, it appears that the spacecraft is undergoing a slingshot maneuver, also known as a gravity assist, which is a common technique used in space missions to gain or lose speed by using the gravitational pull of a larger object, such as a planet.

In order to accurately analyze this encounter as a collision, I would also consider the angle at which the spacecraft approaches and departs from Jupiter, as well as any potential changes in the spacecraft's trajectory.

Overall, the final speed of the spacecraft relative to the Sun after the slingshot encounter with Jupiter can be determined by carefully applying the principles of conservation of momentum and energy, along with the specific details and assumptions of the problem.
 

Related to What Is Voyager 2's Speed After Jupiter Slingshot?

1. What is the Spacecraft Voyager 2?

The Spacecraft Voyager 2 is a robotic space probe launched by NASA in 1977. Its primary mission was to study the outer planets of our solar system, including Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

2. Did Voyager 2 collide with anything in space?

No, Voyager 2 did not collide with anything in space. It was designed to avoid collisions and its trajectory was carefully planned to avoid any potential collisions with objects in space.

3. What caused the confusion about a possible collision?

In 2019, there was some confusion and speculation about Voyager 2 potentially colliding with a mysterious object in space. This was due to a temporary malfunction in the spacecraft's thrusters, causing it to slightly change its course. However, NASA quickly corrected the issue and confirmed that there was no collision.

4. Is Voyager 2 still in operation?

Yes, Voyager 2 is still operational and continues to send valuable data and images back to Earth. It has now entered interstellar space and is the only spacecraft to have visited all four outer planets.

5. What is the significance of Voyager 2's journey?

Voyager 2's mission has provided us with a wealth of knowledge about the outer planets and their moons, as well as the boundary of our solar system. Its journey has also inspired future space exploration and paved the way for future missions to explore even further into our universe.

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