# When a Taylor Series Converges

• Unto
In summary: And you haven't mentioned a series here.In summary, the conversation discusses finding the values of x for which a given Taylor series will converge. The problem statement is to find the convergence of sqrt(x^2-x-2) about x=1/3. The conversation also includes an example of finding the Taylor series for sin(1-\theta^2) around \theta = 0 and determining its convergence. The conclusion is that the Taylor series for sqrt(x^2-x-2) will not converge for any value of x, and the Maclaurin series for sin(1-\theta^2) can be found by replacing \theta in the Maclaurin series for sin(x) with (1-\theta^
Unto

## Homework Statement

For what values of x do you expect the following Taylor series to converge?

$$sqrt(x^{2}-x-2)$$

I'm not too sure

## The Attempt at a Solution

Well quite frankly I have no idea what to do. If someone can push me in the right direction I'll get the rest done.

Taylor expansions are an approximation of a function based on expansion around a point. They use polynomials to give a good analogue and are useful for very small variables. You would expect universal convergence from something like this, but this is not the case.

For this particular problem, you just need to know that you cannot divide by 0. Figure out at which values the derivative of your function goes to a fraction with a 0 at the bottom, and the series should diverge at those points.

Well the problem states the convergence about $$x = 1/3$$.

If I substitute this number I get a negative root which is wrong. Now I would suggest to myself to construct a taylor series for this equation, but I don't know how. I'm able to do a Maclaurin series with my eyes closed, but this Taylor crap just wasn't explained properly >_>

Should I try and construct one? And if I do, what do I do with it to find the convergence?

Ok, I'm sorry, you can disregard my comment above.

Here's your Taylor series formula. I assume that you have covered series convergence rules in your class?

$$\sum_{n=0} ^ {\infty } \frac {f^{(n)}(a)}{n!} \, (x-a)^{n}$$

A Maclaurin series is actually just a Taylor series with a=0.

So I'm just going to use a Ratio test after I have found at least the 1st 2 terms of the Taylor series? And where does this $$x=1/3$$ come into play?

Unto said:
Well the problem states the convergence about $$x = 1/3$$.
You didn't include this information in the first post in this thread. You are supposed to post "The problem statement, all variables and given/known data"

Furthermore, what you did post seems incorrect. You said
Unto said:
For what values of x do you expect the following Taylor series to converge?
$$sqrt(x^{2}-x-2)$$
What you showed there isn't a Taylor's series. For sqrt(x2 - x - 2) to even be defined (in the reals), x has to satisfy x2 -x - 2 >= 0, and x = 1/3 does not.
Unto said:
If I substitute this number I get a negative root which is wrong. Now I would suggest to myself to construct a taylor series for this equation, but I don't know how. I'm able to do a Maclaurin series with my eyes closed, but this Taylor crap just wasn't explained properly >_>

Should I try and construct one? And if I do, what do I do with it to find the convergence?
A Maclaurin series is a Taylor's series in powers of x - 0. You won't be able to construct a Taylor's series in powers of (x - 1/3), because your function and all of its derivatives are not defined at x - 1/3.

Please give us the exact problem description and we can go from there.

Mark44 said:
You didn't include this information in the first post in this thread. You are supposed to post "The problem statement, all variables and given/known data"

Furthermore, what you did post seems incorrect. You said

What you showed there isn't a Taylor's series. For sqrt(x2 - x - 2) to even be defined (in the reals), x has to satisfy x2 -x - 2 >= 0, and x = 1/3 does not.

A Maclaurin series is a Taylor's series in powers of x - 0. You won't be able to construct a Taylor's series in powers of (x - 1/3), because your function and all of its derivatives are not defined at x - 1/3.

Please give us the exact problem description and we can go from there.

For what values of x do you expect the following Taylor series to converge? Do not work out the series.

a) $$sqrt(x^2-x-2)$$ about $$x=1/3$$

...that is the question...

Unto said:
For what values of x do you expect the following Taylor series to converge? Do not work out the series.

a) $$sqrt(x^2-x-2)$$ about $$x=1/3$$

...that is the question...
If you let f(x) = sqrt(x^2 - x - 2), the Taylor series for f about a = 1/3 is
$$f(a) + \frac{f'(a)}{1!}(x - a) + \frac{f''(a)}{2!}(x - a)^2 + ... + \frac{f^{(n)}}{n!}(x - a)^n + ...$$

If a = 1/3, neither f nor any of its derivatives is defined, so for no values of x would the Taylor series for the given function converge.

I'm doing it now and I'm finding the derivatives. Since I aim to prove what you just said, what would $$x$$ equal?

What's the point? You can find f'(x), f''(x), etc., but f(1/3) is undefined (as a real number), f'(1/3) is undefined, f''(1/3) is undefined, etc.

Heres another:

$$sin(1-\theta^2)$$ around $$\theta$$ = 0.

Since the derivatives = 0 when a = 0, I can say the sequence converges at $$sin(1)$$ ?

Which Taylor series? sin(1 - $\theta^2$) isn't a Taylor series. It has a Taylor series around $\theta$ = 0, which is the same as saying it has a Maclaurin series.

If you know the Maclaurin series for sin(x), you can get the Maclaurin series for sin(1 - $\theta^2$) by replacing $\theta$ in the first series by (1 - $\theta^2$).

Unto said:
I can say the sequence converges at sin(1) ?
What sequence are you talking about? A series converges iff its sequence of partial sums converges.

## What is a Taylor Series?

A Taylor Series is a mathematical representation of a function as an infinite sum of terms, where each term is based on the derivative of the function evaluated at a specific point.

## What does it mean for a Taylor Series to converge?

A Taylor Series is said to converge if the sum of the infinite terms in the series approaches a finite value as the number of terms increases.

## How do you determine if a Taylor Series converges?

The convergence of a Taylor Series can be determined by using various convergence tests, such as the Ratio Test, the Root Test, or the Alternating Series Test.

## What factors affect the convergence of a Taylor Series?

The convergence of a Taylor Series can be affected by the starting point of the series, the behavior of the function at that point, and the order of the derivative used in the series.

## What is the importance of convergence in a Taylor Series?

The convergence of a Taylor Series is important because it allows for the accurate approximation of a function within a certain interval. It also allows for the extension of a function beyond its known values.

Replies
10
Views
2K
Replies
5
Views
1K
Replies
10
Views
3K
Replies
11
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
999
Replies
6
Views
2K
Replies
13
Views
2K
Replies
10
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
2K