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I found this: http://www.phas.ubc.ca/~mav/p200/lttips.html

but it's still unclear to me...

"Length contraction applies when you are talking about a distance that is independent of time (e.g. the distance between two objects that are fixed relative to one another or the distance between two ends of a single object)."

I *think* I understand that...

- length contraction would be the distance between two planets to a moving observer

- lorentz transformation would be the distance between a planet and a moving observer after some time t

Is that correct?

"Time dilation applies when you are talking about two events that are at the same place in some frame (e.g. two ticks on the same clock)."

this one I'm just utterly lost on. can someone give me an example for time dilation and then a slightly tweaked example for a lorentz transformation? (like the ones I made for length contraction above)