Why does tap water make sound?

In summary: Can someone explain to me in layman terms why the sound of water hitting the surface changes when you turn on the tap?
  • #1
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When water is flowing out of the tap, there is a buzzing/hissing sound. I can hear One sound coming immediately out of the tap and the other sound when water hits the ground. What are the reasons for these different sounds. Can someone explain to me in layman terms. Thanks.
 
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  • #2
arv217, Welcome to Physics Forums!

Have you tried to search using “Google” yet? I did, and in a few minutes found lots of sites that may answer your first question:
Google search terms: “sink faucet making noise”:

How To Silence a Noisy Faucet
http://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/plumbing/how-to-repair-a-faucet6.htm

This site offers six possible causes of sink faucet noise:
“Why do your kitchen sink faucets make noise when hot or cold water is turned on?”
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_do_yo..._hot_or_cold_water_is_turned_on#ixzz24AMLrZax

For your second question, use Google search terms: “sound of water hitting surface” for several explanations of why you hear those sounds.

Once you have visited these sites and studied that material, if you have a specific question or a doubt, then post it here. Our members are ready and willing to assist you on your journey towards an increased scientific knowledge.

Cheers,
Bobbywhy
 
  • #3
Thanks for the welcome! I tried searching in google before and didn't find anything relevant except for this one: http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/303/why-does-water-make-a-sound-when-it-is-disturbed

There are two replies in that site, which I think is most relevant for my second question:
a high pitched slapping sound when the stone makes contact with the water. This is due to the air between the stone and the water being pushed out, as well as the surface ripples
and
I think the high-pitched sound is caused mainly by the breakdown of the tension formed by the water layer on the surface (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_tension for more detail). So it's similar to slapping a table with your hand.

These two replies put me in further confusion, that's the reason I posted the question. Now, I will refine my question and put it back:
Lets Imagine there is a tap and a ground underneath. There is just air between those and nothing is disrupted. I turn on the tap and the water flows down on the ground. The moment I turn the tap on, the first stream of water hitting the ground makes a sound which I understand is because of air being pushed away. But what about the subsequent streams of water flowing from the tap and hitting the ground. Since I assume, there is no air between the water and the ground now, there is no air being pushed away. So how does the subsequent streams of water cause sound.

Hope I have written it clear!
 
  • #4
Check the power supply! sorry an old adage.
All sound is a result of compressions and decompression in a media.
So water flowing in a pipe makes some sound, turning a corner in the pipe,
more sound. Resistance to flow, the energy has to go somewhere, heat, sound,
vibration.
The water escaping a pressurized system at the tap, more sound.
Once you leave the boundary condition of the pipe, it gets more complicated.
For the sake of discussion, let's say water falls at 32 feet per second in the sink.
Much of the energy in the falling water, will change state, mostly sound.
After the volume of water pushes the air out of the way, the air pushes back.
The air pushes back at about 1000 feet per second.
Water displaces air, water flows out of the way, leaving a vacuum, air flows
back into space, process repeats.
 
  • #5
arv217 said:
Thanks for the welcome! I tried searching in google before and didn't find anything relevant except for this one: http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/303/why-does-water-make-a-sound-when-it-is-disturbed

There are two replies in that site, which I think is most relevant for my second question:
a high pitched slapping sound when the stone makes contact with the water. This is due to the air between the stone and the water being pushed out, as well as the surface ripples
and
I think the high-pitched sound is caused mainly by the breakdown of the tension formed by the water layer on the surface (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_tension for more detail). So it's similar to slapping a table with your hand.

These two replies put me in further confusion, that's the reason I posted the question. Now, I will refine my question and put it back:
Lets Imagine there is a tap and a ground underneath. There is just air between those and nothing is disrupted. I turn on the tap and the water flows down on the ground. The moment I turn the tap on, the first stream of water hitting the ground makes a sound which I understand is because of air being pushed away. But what about the subsequent streams of water flowing from the tap and hitting the ground. Since I assume, there is no air between the water and the ground now, there is no air being pushed away. So how does the subsequent streams of water cause sound.

Hope I have written it clear!

arv217, Thank you for rephrasing your question. It's more clear now. You are correct when describing the mechanism that causes the sound when the first parcel of water hits the ground.
The sound made by a stream of water from a faucet striking a surface depends on the characteristics of the water stream itself. Below are three types. I suggest you experiment with all three in your sink and observe the sound each produces. You might predict what sound to expect from each before the experiment and then compare your observed results with your predictions.

1. Fully on
2. Thin stream laminar flow
3. Drops only

Here is a photo of a laminar stream entering water silently:
http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&...w=155&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0,i:98

Here is a photo of a laminar stream forming an arc and entering the water silently.
http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&...tbnw=184&start=22&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:22

Here is a photo of two streams, originally laminar and then becoming turbulent. You may imagine the sound generated as these streams hit the water.
http://www.google.com/imgres?start=...=144&tbnw=191&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:96,i:9

Another example of a laminar flow from a nozzle becoming turbulent:
http://www.google.com/imgres?start=...2&tbnw=208&ndsp=25&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:146,i:166

Here is a photo of several nozzles emitting laminar flows and showing the onset of turbulence in detail.
http://www.google.com/imgres?start=...38&tbnw=187&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:195,i:15

Hoping this helps answer you question.
Bobbywhy
 

1. Why does tap water make sound?

The sound of tap water is caused by air bubbles that are trapped in the water as it travels through the pipes. As the water enters your home, it is pressurized, forcing the air bubbles to release and create the sound you hear.

2. Does the type of plumbing affect the sound of tap water?

Yes, the type of plumbing can affect the sound of tap water. For example, older homes with metal pipes may produce louder and more distinct sounds compared to newer homes with plastic pipes.

3. Why is there a difference in sound between hot and cold tap water?

The difference in sound between hot and cold tap water is due to their different temperatures. Hot water has a lower surface tension compared to cold water, which allows for larger air bubbles to form and produces a louder sound when they are released.

4. Can air trapped in the pipes cause problems with tap water?

Yes, air trapped in the pipes can cause problems with tap water. It can lead to reduced water pressure, sputtering or spitting water, and even damage to the plumbing system if left unchecked.

5. How can I reduce the sound of tap water?

If the sound of tap water is bothersome, there are a few things you can do to reduce it. You can install a water pressure regulator to regulate the pressure of the water entering your home, or you can add insulation around your pipes to dampen the sound. Another option is to replace metal pipes with plastic ones, which tend to produce less noise.

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