# Why does the graph of the integral of x^3e^x^2 do this?

## Main Question or Discussion Point

So if you graph f = (x^3)(e^x^2) and F = (1/2)(e^x^2)(x^2-1), its integral, from 0 to 1, F starts out much larger than f, and then f become starts growing much much faster than F. Shouldn't F be the one growing the fastest, as it's supposed to be the area under f?

Why does F grow slower than f? It makes no sense to me.

So if you graph f = (x^3)(e^x^2) and F = (1/2)(e^x^2)(x^2-1), its integral, from 0 to 1, F starts out much larger than f, and then f become starts growing much much faster than F. Shouldn't F be the one growing the fastest, as it's supposed to be the area under f?

Why does F grow slower than f? It makes no sense to me.
Well in the same functions you got (e^x^2) so we just remove that from both and get:
f=(x^3)
F=(1/2)(x^2-1)

We can just multiply the numbers in the second function(F) and thus get:
f=(x^3)
F=0.5(x^2)-0.5

The 0.5 is a very small value so if we subtract it from a big number(for example 10) then it doesn't make a big difference. For that reason we just take it away and get:
f=x^3
F=0.5(x^2)

As you see now when you put any value for x in these functions f is always bigger!!
What is bigger? 10^3 or the half of 10^2?

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arildno
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Dearly Missed
The fraction f/F can be written as:
$$\frac{f}{F}=\frac{2x^{3}}{x^{2}-2}$$
Suppose that x is a lot less than 1. Then, the denominator can be simplified as:
$$\frac{2x^{3}}{x^{2}-2}\approx\frac{2x^{3}}{-2}=-x^{3}$$
which is much less than 1 in absolute vale.
That is, when x is small, we have that |f/F| is much less than 1, i.e, f is much less than F.

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
So if you graph f = (x^3)(e^x^2) and F = (1/2)(e^x^2)(x^2-1), its integral, from 0 to 1, F starts out much larger than f, and then f become starts growing much much faster than F. Shouldn't F be the one growing the fastest, as it's supposed to be the area under f?
Can you explain why you think that would be true?

Why does F grow slower than f? It makes no sense to me.
Why does it not make sense? What does the one have to do with the other?

Can you explain why you think that would be true?

Why does it not make sense? What does the one have to do with the other?
Because isn't an integral supposed to represent the area under a curve? How can the area be smaller than the value of the function for a positive function?

For example, wouldn't this integral mean that someone running at a speed of (t^3)(e^t^2), at time t, travels a distance of (1/2)(e^t^2)(t^2-1)? How does it make sense that he travelled a distance that is less than his speed after a large enough t?

Is it just because f grows so fast?

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HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
What makes no sense to me is to think that it is possible to compare two different kinds of quantities! Area is measured in "distance^2" and cannot be compared to "distance". Similarly, speed is measured in "distance/time" and it makes no sense to compare speed to distance.

What makes no sense to me is to think that it is possible to compare two different kinds of quantities! Area is measured in "distance^2" and cannot be compared to "distance". Similarly, speed is measured in "distance/time" and it makes no sense to compare speed to distance.
What do you mean? Isn't the integral of a positive function from a to b the area under it? Or if you describe that function as velocity, isn't the integral the displacement?

Hurkyl
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
What do you mean? Isn't the integral of a positive function from a to b the area under it? Or if you describe that function as velocity, isn't the integral the displacement?
A better analogy would be to wonder how you could travel just one mile if your velocity is 60 miles per hour.

HallsofIvy