Can we travel faster than the speed of light?


by Luke*
Tags: faster, light, speed, travel
Luke*
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#1
Jul9-07, 10:05 AM
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Im only 14 and I am having a argument with a friend and teacher, and I need to know is is possible in theory to go faster than the speed of light and what is it? Time travel whatever, they dont believe me that you can and I remember reading it somewhere but the fact is no one knows how to do it yet. Please help would be greatly appreciated, sorry if this is quite a stupid q.
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ranger
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#2
Jul9-07, 10:18 AM
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These types of questions have been asked many times. Refine the search if you like.
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q...om&btnG=Search
Schrodinger's Dog
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Jul9-07, 10:25 AM
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Assuming special relativity is correct no, we can't. We generally assume relativity is correct at the moment, so you would be wrong. The speed of light is the speed limit for the Universe, as far as we know and as yet no one has disproven this fundamental law.


This thread might help:-

http://www.physicsforums.com/showthr...ter+than+light

Quote Quote by jtbell View Post
The Universe has a fundamental symmetry, called Lorentz symmetry, which causes to exist an asymptotic* upper limit on all relative speeds. Objects with mass can never reach that upper limit. Massless objects (such as photons) must travel at that limiting speed, and no other. These are consequences of the mathematics of Lorentz symmetry.

This obviously begs the question, "why does the universe have Lorentz symmetry?" Nobody knows. (Or at least there is no generally accepted answer, as far as I know.) This is the ultimate answer to all "why?" questions in physics, by the way. The answer to any "why?" question leads to another "why?" question, and ultimately we always come to one that we cannot answer in the context of physics, at least not yet.
* An asymptote is a value that can be approached but never reached. Except in the case given here.

Luke*
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#4
Jul9-07, 10:39 AM
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Can we travel faster than the speed of light?


Thanks, appreciated, but im sure there was something that said there is a way to travel faster than light in a sense ie travel between solar systems ie through time or something. I dont know if they were right but thats what they said. Any ideas? One of them was bending the universe if i remember.
ranger
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Jul9-07, 10:49 AM
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Quote Quote by Luke* View Post
Thanks, appreciated, but im sure there was something that said there is a way to travel faster than light in a sense ie travel between solar systems ie through time or something. I dont know if they were right but thats what they said. Any ideas? One of them was bending the universe if i remember.
You may be interested in reading this article:
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?...ldid=143154648
cristo
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Jul9-07, 10:49 AM
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No, one cannot travel faster than the speed of light. It sounds like you have read something highly speculative, which may or may not have any sensible background. There have been reasonable suggestions for faster than light travel, such as wormhole theory proposed by Kip Thorne, but these are still entirely theoretical.

I suggest that, if interested, you learn special relativity instead of attempting to have arguments with your teacher. SR is easily accessible to anyone with knowlege of high school algebra.
cristo
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Jul9-07, 10:52 AM
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Quote Quote by ranger View Post
You may be interested in reading this article:
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?...ldid=143154648
I would strongly advise against recommending a wikipedia article that says this site requires verification by an expert to a layperson attempting to learn the basics. Instead, this page may be of interest.
Schrodinger's Dog
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#8
Jul9-07, 11:03 AM
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There are cheats that enable you to seem to travel faster than light, but you never actually do, for example in the highly speculative idea of bending space using high gravity,so you could shorten the distance between two points. However at no point did you actually travel faster than light, you just got there much faster than you could if travelling in normal space at the speed of light. I so wish that made as much sense on paper as it did in my head

Hyperspace another sci fi concept involves the bending of space so far it breaks an you end up in some sort of area outside of space. Hyper space is pseudo scientific though like sub space in Star Trek.
Winzer
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#9
Jul9-07, 11:15 AM
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While I know that matter cannot exceed the speed of light due to GR, I have heard somwhere that there have been quasars moving 2C.
Is this true or hogwash?- probably hogwash.
cristo
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Jul9-07, 11:36 AM
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Quote Quote by Winzer View Post
While I know that matter cannot exceed the speed of light due to GR,
It's actually SR that asserts this.
I have heard somwhere that there have been quasars moving 2C.
Is this true or hogwash?- probably hogwash.
Obviously I don't know exactly what you've read, but I would conjecture that it has to do with the speed of recession of distant galaxies (or in this case quasars). It does appear that distant galaxies are travelling away from us at speeds greater than the speed of light; however the actual motion of the galaxies is less than the speed of light, with the other apparent speed generated by the fact that the universe is expanding.
CraigD
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Jul9-07, 11:40 AM
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Quote Quote by Winzer View Post
While I know that matter cannot exceed the speed of light due to GR, I have heard somwhere that there have been quasars moving 2C.
Is this true or hogwash?- probably hogwash.
Not hogwash, just mis-stated. You can observe quasars moving away from us at 2c. The problem here is that they are not actually moving through space at 2c, but the space between us and it is expanding at a rate equal to 2c. Because space has no mass, it can expand at any rate; i.e. 2c.

To the original question, the true statement would be that nothing with mass can move through a vaccum greater than c.

CraigD, AMInstP
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Winzer
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#12
Jul9-07, 11:49 AM
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Quote Quote by CraigD View Post
Not hogwash, just mis-stated. You can observe quasars moving away from us at 2c. The problem here is that they are not actually moving through space at 2c, but the space between us and it is expanding at a rate equal to 2c. Because space has no mass, it can expand at any rate; i.e. 2c.

To the original question, the true statement would be that nothing with mass can move through a vaccum greater than c.

CraigD, AMInstP
www.cymek.com
Thanks for the clarification Craig D.
Luke*
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#13
Jul9-07, 06:35 PM
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Thanks Cristo, just read all of it, really got me into things a bit more and a lot more insight into FTL travel etc. Thanks again.
Robert100
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Jul10-07, 09:12 PM
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Quote Quote by CraigD View Post
Not hogwash, just mis-stated. You can observe quasars moving away from us at 2c. The problem here is that they are not actually moving through space at 2c, but the space between us and it is expanding at a rate equal to 2c. Because space has no mass, it can expand at any rate; i.e. 2c. To the original question, the true statement would be that nothing with mass can move through a vaccum greater than c.

CraigD, AMInstP
Wait a minute, this can't be right. I know that it is common to say that "space expands", but that really isn't so. Physical objects move through space, the metric used to describe these objects expands along with them. But it is the physical objects that control the metric. There is no mysterious creation of new space in-between already existing objects. See this recent paper, which clarifies confusion on the phrase "expanding space".

http://www.arxiv.org/abs/0707.0380

"Expanding Space: the Root of all Evil?"
Authors: Matthew J. Francis, Luke A. Barnes, J. Berian James, Geraint F. Lewis
(Submitted on 3 Jul 2007)

Abstract: While it remains the staple of virtually all cosmological teaching, the concept of expanding space in explaining the increasing separation of galaxies has recently come under fire as a dangerous idea whose application leads to the development of confusion and the establishment of misconceptions.

In this paper, we develop a notion of expanding space that is completely valid as a framework for the description of the evolution of the universe and whose application allows an intuitive understanding of the influence of universal expansion. We also demonstrate how arguments against the concept in general have failed thus far, as they imbue expanding space with physical properties not consistent with the expectations of general relativity.

This is discussed in the new thread on this forum:
http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=176380

Robert
Robert100
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#15
Jul10-07, 09:19 PM
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Quote Quote by Luke* View Post
Im only 14 and I am having a argument with a friend and teacher, and I need to know is is possible in theory to go faster than the speed of light and what is it? Time travel whatever, they dont believe me that you can and I remember reading it somewhere but the fact is no one knows how to do it yet. Please help would be greatly appreciated, sorry if this is quite a stupid q.

This is not a stupid question. It is a fascinating and important question, which touches on the principles of both special and general relativity. The short answer is this:

* Most ideas about travelling faster-than-light (FTL) are based on a total misunderstanding of Einstein's theory of special relativity. FTL, in any simple way, is impossible.

* Some ideas about FTL are based on a misunderstanding of quantum mechanics. As we understand QM, there is no way that any information (let alone objects!) can be transmitted FTL. There may be a tiny amount of wiggle room left to find some loophole in this, and research is ongoing, but don't let your hopes be lifted. It is almost certainly forbidden in any way.

* Einstein's theory of general relativity does seem to allow for travelling faster than light, under very special and nearly impossible circumstances. No one has ever tested these specific predictions, and no one knows for certain if such FTL, or time travel, is actually possible.

I won't get into it here, but I believe that FTL travel (via wormholes, which is a sort of cheat) may be possible, but time travel is impossible. That's my opinion, and nothing more.


See these websites for details:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faster-than-light

http://www.math.ucr.edu/home/baez/ph...Light/FTL.html


Robert
olgranpappy
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#16
Jul10-07, 09:29 PM
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p.s. The link to baez's page is pretty cool. Luke, if you have not yet found it there is an explaination of how one can travel to the center of the galaxy (which we measure to be 30000ly away) in a relativistic rocket in what feels like only about 20 years to the astronauts in the rocket (of course much longer than 30000 years pass on earth so it's not really FLT travel, but it could be what you are looking for).

here's a link:

http://www.math.ucr.edu/home/baez/ph...SR/rocket.html
country boy
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#17
Jul10-07, 09:42 PM
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I’m surprised that no one has mentioned tachyons in this thread.
olgranpappy
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Jul11-07, 02:39 AM
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Quote Quote by country boy View Post
Iím surprised that no one has mentioned tachyons in this thread.
it was mentioned implicitly in this link:

http://www.math.ucr.edu/home/baez/ph...Light/FTL.html

see #19.


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