# shapes of potentials!!

by photon79
Tags: potentials, shapes
 P: 60 Hi all.. 1)we have,for example,rectangular, square well, well type etc potentials. How is the shape of a potential is determined? What is the shape of the nucleus potential? 2)I am unable to get the physical importence of the wave vector 'K' and K-space in band theory!
P: 143
 Quote by photon79 1) What is the shape of the nucleus potential?
In light nuclei it as approximately parabolic.

In heavy nuclei (uranium), alpha particles are often modelled as moving in a square well + Coulomb repulsion.
 2)I am unable to get the physical importence of the wave vector 'K' and K-space in band theory!
 P: 219 The wave vector k is identically to: abs(k)=2pi/lambda and momentum=h(bar)k. So you can think of it as the inverse of the wave length of a wave. Its more confortable to write psy(x)=exp(kx) than psy(x)=exp(2pi/lambda*x). If we work in more dimensions k must be a vector and as you can see in the wave function lambda must therefor also be a vector. And 2pi/VECTOR seems to look strange. You see?