Read about divergence | 50 Discussions | Page 1

  1. P

    Divergence of a radial field ##F=\hat{r}/r^{2+\varepsilon}##

    Following (1), \begin{align*} \text{div} F = \vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{F} &= \frac{1}{r^2} \frac{\partial}{\partial r} \left( r^2 F_{r}\right) \\ &= \frac{1}{r^2} \frac{\partial }{\partial r} \left( r^2 \frac{1}{r^{2+\varepsilon}}\right) \\ &= \frac{1}{r^2} \frac{\partial}{\partial r}...
  2. K

    Nabla operations, vector calculus problem

    Here is how my teacher solved this: I understand what the nabla operator does, ##∇\cdot\vec v## means that I am supposed to calculate ##\sum_{n=1}^3\frac {d\vec v} {dx_n}## where ##x_n## are cylindrical coordinates and ##\vec e_3 = \vec e_z##. I understand why ##∇\cdot\vec v = 0##, I would get...
  3. Terrycho

    I Divergence of a position vector in spherical coordinates

    I know the divergence of any position vectors in spherical coordinates is just simply 3, which represents their dimension. But there's a little thing that confuses me. The vector field of A is written as follows, , and the divergence of a vector field A in spherical coordinates are written as...
  4. B

    I Divergence with Chain Rule

    I am looking at the derivation for the Entropy equation for a Newtonian Fluid with Fourier Conduction law. At some point in the derivation I see \frac{1}{T} \nabla \cdot (-\kappa \nabla T) = - \nabla \cdot (\frac{\kappa \nabla T}{T}) - \frac{\kappa}{T^2}(\nabla T)^2 K is a constant and T...
  5. G

    I A one dimensional example of divergence: Mystery

    I am trying to understand “divergence” by considering a one-dimensional example of the vector y defined by: . the parabola: y = -1 + x^2 The direction of the vector y will either be to the right ( R) when y is positive or to the Left (L). The gradient = dy/dx = Divergence = Div y = 2 x x...
  6. R

    Divergence of an Electric Field due to an ideal dipole

    Given $$\vec E = -\nabla \phi$$ there $$\vec d \rightarrow 0, \phi(\vec r) = \frac {\vec p \cdot \vec r} {r^3}$$ and ##\vec p## is the dipole moment defined as $$\vec p = q\vec d$$ It's quite trivial to show that ##\nabla \times \vec E = \nabla \times (-\nabla \phi) = 0##. However, I want to...
  7. W

    I The continuity equation and the divergence

    according to continuity equation (partial ρ)/(partial t) +divergence J = 0 . there is such a situation that there is continuous water spreads out from the center of a sphere with unchanged density ρ, and at the center dm/dt = C(a constant), divergence of J = ρv should be 0 anywhere except the...
  8. Hawkingo

    I What is the physical meaning of divergence?

    I want to visualize the concept of divergence of a vector field.I also have searched the web.Some says it is 1.the amount of flux per unit volume in a region around some point 2.Divergence of vector quantity indicates how much the vector spreads out from the certain point.(is a...
  9. E

    Divergence operator for multi-dimensional neutron diffusion

    Homework Statement [1] is the one-speed steady-state neutron diffusion equation, where D is the diffusion coefficient, Φ is the neutron flux, Σa is the neutron absorption cross-section, and S is an external neutron source. Solving this equation using a 'homogeneous' material allows D to be...
  10. maxknrd

    I More elegant way to solve divergence of arbitrary dotproduct

    This is more of a general question, but I've encountered this kind of exercises a lot in my current preperations for my exam: There are two cases but the excercise is pretty much the same: Compute $$(1) \space \operatorname{div}\vec{A}(\vec{r}) \qquad , where \thinspace...
  11. V

    Show that a series is divergent

    Homework Statement Show that $$\frac{(-1)^nn!}{z^n}$$ is divergent. Homework Equations We can use the ratio test, which states that if, $$\lim_{n\to\infty}\bigg|\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}\bigg|>1$$ a series is divergent. The Attempt at a Solution Applying the ratio test, we find that...
  12. E

    Convergence of a series

    Homework Statement Determine whether the following series converge, converge conditionally, or converge absolutely. Homework Equations a) Σ(-1)^k×k^3×(5+k)^-2k (where k goes from 1 to infinity) b) ∑sin(2π + kπ)/√k × ln(k) (where k goes from 2 to infinity) c) ∑k×sin(1+k^3)/(k + ln(k))...
  13. Pencilvester

    I Deriving the divergence formula

    Hello PF, I was reading through “A First Course in General Relativity” by Schutz and I got to the part where he derives the divergence formula for a vector:$$V^α { } _{;α} = \frac {1} {\sqrt{-g}} ( \sqrt{-g} V^α )_{,α}$$I’m having trouble with a couple of the steps he made. So we start with the...
  14. ubergewehr273

    I Divergence of ##\frac {1} {r^2} \hat r##

    Basically a case where a positive charge q is placed in space which for convenience is taken as the origin. This electric field must have a large positive divergence but yet when evaluated mathematically we get 0. Also when we find divergence, we find it for a point right ? or is it possible to...
  15. UMath1

    I Divergence of downhill flowing water

    I just learned that an incompressible fluid must have zero divergence within a given control volume. Given that the divergence of a fluid at a point(x,y,z) can be found by taking the scalar sum of the of the x, y, z acceleration vectors at the given point, wouldn't this mean that water flowing...
  16. J

    I What is the gradient of a divergence and is it always zero?

    Hi Folks, Was just curious as to what is the gradient of a divergence is and is it always equal to the zero vector. I am doing some free lance research and find that I need to refresh my knowledge of vector calculus a bit. I am having some difficulty with finding web-based sources for the...
  17. T

    Polar Divergence of a Vector

    Homework Statement Find the divergence of the function ##\vec{v} = (rcos\theta)\hat{r}+(rsin\theta)\hat{\theta}+(rsin\theta cos\phi)\hat{\phi}## Homework Equations ##\nabla\cdot\vec{v}=\frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial}{\partial r}(r^2v_r)+\frac{1}{r sin\theta}\frac{\partial}{\partial...
  18. P

    I Divergence of v x B = Divergence of E in the v=0 frame?

    Consider a scenario where in one frame R, I have a magnet at rest and a solid slab of charges with an arbitrarily large mass moving at velocity v. The overall acceleration of the slab is trivial, however, the v x B exerted on the slab is divergent, thus compressive/tensile stresses are exerted...
  19. terryds

    Divergence of electrostatic field?

    Homework Statement By Gauss' law, how is it able to obtain ## \nabla \cdot \vec{E} = \frac{\rho}{\epsilon_0} ## ? By Coulomb's law, ##\vec{E} = \frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0} \frac{q}{r^2} \hat{r}## I calculate the divergence of ##\frac{1}{r^2} \hat{r}## and get the result is zero That means the...
  20. G

    A Divergent Diagrams in the Standard Model

    It is my understanding that the task of enumerating all of the divergent diagrams in a quantum field theory can be reduced to analyzing a hand full of diagrams (well, at the moment I know that this is at least true for QED and phi^4 theory), and that all other divergent diagrams are divergent...
  21. jlmccart03

    Series: Determine if they are convergent or divergent

    Homework Statement I have a couple of series where I need to find out if they are convergent (absolute/conditional) or divergent. Σ(n3/3n Σk(2/3)k Σ√n/1+n2 Σ(-1)n+1*n/n^2+9 Homework Equations Comparison Test Ratio Test Alternating Series Test Divergence Test, etc The Attempt at a...
  22. Dopplershift

    Need Help With Gradient (Spherical Coordinates)

    Homework Statement Find te gradient of the following function f(r) = rcos(##\theta##) in spherical coordinates. Homework Equations \begin{equation} \nabla f = \frac{\partial f}{\partial r} \hat{r} + (\frac{1}{r}) \frac{\partial f}{\partial \theta} \hat{\theta} + \frac{1}{rsin\theta}...
  23. N

    Beam Divergence from non-circular laser beam

    Homework Statement The laser beam is not a point source. It is known that it has a rectangular shape with a divergence of 30 mrad x 1 mrad. I would like to know how large my laser lobe will be at a distance of 250 mm from the laser source. Homework Equations I think you can use trigonometri...
  24. Dave-o

    Evaluate: ∇(∇ . r(hat)/r) where r is a position vector

    Homework Statement ∇ . r = 3, ∇ x r = 0 Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution So far I've gotten up to ∇(∇^2 r)
  25. P

    I Magnetostatics: What if "steady" currents were divergent?

    Why must steady currents be non-divergent in magnetostatics? Based on an article by Kirk T. McDonald (http://www.physics.princeton.edu/~mcdonald/examples/current.pdf), it appears that the answer is that by extrapolating the linear time dependence of the charge density from a constant divergence...
  26. F

    I Divergence of the Navier-Stokes Equation

    The Navier-Stokes equation is: (DUj/Dt) = v [(∂2Ui/∂xj∂xi) + (∂2Uj/∂xi∂xi)] – 1/ρ (∇p) where D/Dt is the material (substantial) derivative, v is the kinematic viscosity and ∇p is the modified pressure gradient (taking into account gravity and pressure). Note that the velocity field is...
  27. enh89

    Why does it matter what convergence test I use?

    I just took a calc 2 test and got 3/8 points on several problems that asked you to show convergence or divergence. The reason being that I didn't use the correct test of convergence? The answer was right, if you get to the point where you know the series converges, then why does it matter which...
  28. The-Mad-Lisper

    Proof for Convergent of Series With Seq. Similar to 1/n

    Homework Statement \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{n-1}{(n+2)(n+3)} Homework Equations S=\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}a_n (1) \lim\limits_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}\gt 1\rightarrow S\ is\ divergent (2) \lim\limits_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}\lt 1\rightarrow S\ is\...
  29. 1

    What does divergence of electric field = 0 mean?

    Homework Statement I just want to focus on the divergence outside the cylinder (r >R) Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution For r > R, I said ∇ * E = p/ε But that's wrong. The answer is ∇ * E = 0 I'm confused because there is definitely an electric field outside the cylinder (r...
  30. Jess Karakov

    Sequence Convergence/Divergence Question

    Homework Statement Determine which of the sequences converge or diverge. Find the limit of the convergent sequences. 1) {asubn}= [((n^2) + (-1)^n)] / [(4n^2)] Homework Equations [/B] a1=first term, a2=second term...an= nth term The Attempt at a Solution a) So I found the first couple of...
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