Problem: If sequence ## (a_n) ## has ##10-10## as partial limits and in addition ##\forall n \in \mathbb{N}.|a_{n+1} − a_{n} |≤ \frac{1}{n} ##, then 0 is a partial limit of ## (a_n) ##.
Proof : Suppose that ## 0 ## isn't a partial limit of ## (a_n) ##. Then there exists ## \epsilon_0 > 0 ## and...
Homework Statement:: Show that for every real number ##x## there is exactly one integer ##N## such that ##N \leq x < N+1##. (This integer is called the integer part of ##x##, and is sometimes denoted ##N = \lfloor x\rfloor##.)
Relevant Equations:: N/A
I have tried reading the solution given...
I have referred to this page: https://taoanalysis.wordpress.com/2020/03/26/exercise-5-3-2/ to check my answer.
The way I thought of the problem:
I know ##xy = \mathrm{LIM}_{n\to\infty} a_n b_n## and I know ##x'y = \mathrm{LIM}_{n\to\infty} a'_n b_n##. Thus if ##xy=x'y##, maybe I can try showing...
I refer to this page: https://taoanalysis.wordpress.com/2020/03/26/exercise-5-3-2/
I am having trouble understanding the purpose / motivation behind using the min as in ##\delta := \min\left(\frac{\varepsilon}{3M_1}, 1\right)## and ##\varepsilon' := \min\left(\frac{\varepsilon}{3M_2}...
In Tao's Analysis 1, Lemma 5.3.6, he claims that "We know that ##(a_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}## is eventually ##\delta##-steady for everyvalue of ##\delta>0##. This implies that it is not only ##\epsilon##-steady, ##\forall\epsilon>0##, but also ##\epsilon/ 2##-steady."
My question is, why do we need...
Let us just lay down some definitions. Both sequences are equivalent iff for each ##\epsilon>0## , there exists an N>0 such that for all n>N, ##|a_n-b_n|<\epsilon##.
A sequence is a Cauchy sequence iff ##\forall\epsilon>0:(\exists N>0: (\forall j,k>N:|a_j-a_k|>\epsilon))##.
We proceeded by...
We define :
$$M_i = sup \{f(x) : x \in [x_{i-1}, x_i ] \}$$
$$m_i = inf \{f(x) : x \in [ x_{i-1}, x_i ] \}$$
Now, if we make the length of the interval ##[x_{i-1}, x_i]## vanishingly small, then would we have ##M_i = m_i##? I have reasons for believing so because as the size of the interval is...
We have a function ##f: [a,b] \mapsto \mathbb R## (correct me if I'm wrong but the range ##\mathbb R## implies that ##f## is bounded). We have a partition ##P= \{x_0, x_1 , x_2 \cdots x_n \}## such that for any open interval ##(x_{i-1}, x_i)## we have
$$
f(x) =g(x)
$$
(##g:[a,b] \mapsto \mathbb...
Hello and Good Afternoon! Today I need the help of respectable member of this forum on the topic of integrability. According to Mr. Michael Spivak: A function ##f## which is bounded on ##[a,b]## is integrable on ##[a,b]## if and only if
$$ sup \{L (f,P) : \text{P belongs to the set of...
I am having a problem finding the right order above and below to find the finite expansion of a fraction of usual functions assembled in complicated ways. For instance, a question asked to find the limit as x approaches 0 for the following function
I know that to solve it we must first find...
I think the initial assumptions would allow me to prove this without induction.
Suppose ##(x_n)## is a real sequence that is bounded above. Define $$ y_n = \sup\{x_j | j \geq n\}.$$
Let ##n \in \mathbb{N}##. Then for all ##j \in \mathbb{N}## such that ##j \geq n + 1 > n##
$$ x_{j} \leq y_n.$$...
Summary: Rudin theorem 1.21
He has said that as t=X/(X+1) then t^n<t<1 then maximum value of t is 1. then in the next part he has given that t^n<t<x. as maximum value of t is less than 1 why has he given that t<x ?
Let ##f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n##. Is there any class of function and some type of "growth conditions" such that bounds like below can be established:
\begin{equation}
||f(x)||\geq g\left( \text{dist}(x,\mathcal{X})\right),
\end{equation}
with ##\mathcal{X}:= \{x:f(x)=0\}## (zero...
I'm stuck on a proof involving the Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem. Consider the following statement:
$$f'(x)>0 \ \text{on} \ [a,b] \implies \forall x_1,x_2\in[a,b], \ f(x_1)<f(x_2) \ \text{for} \ x_1<x_2 $$ i.e. a positive derivative over an interval implies that the function is growing over the...
Homework Statement
We've been given a set of hints to solve the problem below and I'm stuck on one of them
Let f:[a,b]->R , prove, using the hints below, that if f is continuous and if f(a) < 0 < f(b), then there exists a c ∈ (a,b) such that f(c) = 0
Hint
let set S = {x∈[a,b]:f(x)≤0}
let c =...
Hi forum.
I'm trying to prove a claim from Mathematical Analysis I - Zorich since some days, but I succeeded only in part.
The complete claim is:
$$\left\{\begin{matrix} f\in\mathcal{C}^{(n)}(-1,1) \\ \sup_{x\in (-1,1)}|f(x)|\leq 1 \\ |f'(0)|>\alpha _n \end{matrix}\right. \Rightarrow \exists...
Hey Guys, I posed this on Math Stackexchange but no one is offering a good answering. I though you guys might be able to help :)
https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3049661/single-point-continuity-spivak-ch-6-q5
Homework Statement
2. Relevant equation
Below is the definition of the limit superior
The Attempt at a Solution
I tried to start by considering two cases, case 1 in which the sequence does not converge and case 2 in which the sequence converges and got stuck with the second case.
I know...
Homework Statement
Let us have ##n \geq 3## points in a square whose side length is ##1##. Prove that there exists a graph with these points such that ##G## is connected, and
$$\sum_{\{v_i,v_j\} \in E(G)}{|v_i - v_j|} \leq 10\sqrt{n}$$
Prove also the ##10## in the inequality can't be replaced...
Homework Statement
If I have the two curves
##\phi (t) = ( \cos t , \sin t ) ## with ## t \in [0, 2\pi]##
##\psi(s) = ( \sin 2s , \cos 2s ) ## with ## s \in [\frac{\pi}{4} , \frac{5 \pi}{4} ] ##
My textbook says that they are equivalent because ##\psi(s) = \phi \circ g^{-1}(s) ## where ##...
Homework Statement
Let ##S\subseteq \Bbb{R}## and ##T = \{ t\in \Bbb{R} : \exists s\in S, \vert t-s\vert \lt \epsilon\}## where ##\epsilon## is fixed. I need to show T is an open set.
Homework Equations
n/a
The Attempt at a Solution
Let ##x \in T##, then ##\exists \sigma \in S## such that ##x...
Homework Statement
Let ##f:\Bbb{R} \to \Bbb{R}## be a function such that ##f## has a local minimum for all ##x \in \Bbb{R}## (This means that for each ##x \in \Bbb{R}## there is an ##\epsilon \gt 0## where if ##\vert x-t\vert \lt \epsilon## then ##f(x) \leq f(t)##.). Then the image of ##f## is...
I would like to learn (self-study) the theory behind the n-dimensional Riemann integral (multiple Riemann integrals, not Lebesgue integral). I am from Croatia and found lecture notes which Croatian students use but they are not suitable for self-study. The notes seem to be based on the book: J...
In Rudin, the derivative of a function ##f: [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}## is defined as:
Let ##f## be defined (and real-valued) on ##[a,b]##. For any ##x \in [a,b]##, form the quotient ##\phi(t) = \frac{f(t) - f(x)}{t-x}\quad (a < t <b, t \neq x)## and define ##f'(x) = \lim_{t \to x} \phi(t)##, if the...
I have a Dover edition of Louis Brand's Advanced Calculus: An Introduction to Classical Analysis. I really like this book, but find his proof of limit laws for sequences questionable. He first proves the sum of null sequences is null and that the product of a bounded sequence with a null...
Homework Statement
Show that ##f(x)=\frac{1}{x^2}## is not uniformly continuous at ##(0,\infty)##.
Homework Equations
N/A
The Attempt at a Solution
Given ##\epsilon=1##. We want to show that we can compute for ##x## and ##y## such that ##\vert x-y\vert\lt\delta## and at the same time ##\vert...
Homework Statement
Let ##K\neq\emptyset## be a compact set in ##\Bbb{R}## and let ##c\in\Bbb{R}##. Then ##\exists a\in K## such that ##\vert c-a\vert=\inf\{\vert c-x\vert : x\in K\}##.
2. Relevant results
Any set ##K## is compact in ##\Bbb{R}## if and only if every sequence in ##K## has a...
Homework Statement
Let ##p\in\Bbb{R}##. Then the function ##f:(0,\infty)\rightarrow \Bbb{R}## defined by ##f(x):=x^p##. Then ##f## is continuous.
I need someone to check what I've done so far and I really need help finishing the last part. I am clueless as to how to show continuity for...