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A few Rotational Kinetic Energy Questions?

  • Thread starter paul9619
  • Start date
11
0
Hi there,

I am currently in the middle of studying for an exam in a few weeks time. I would appreciate it if someone could just have a quick look over the following details below and see if I am along the right lines.

1. A solid wheel of mass 15Kg is at the top of a slope 1in4. The slope is 1.5m high at the top. The radius of the wheel is 0.5m. There is no friction involved.

Firstly I have to find the speed of the wheel at the bottom of the slope!

I have used PE= mgh = 220.725J I then let this sum = the KE of 1/2mv^2 + 1/2Jw^2 (J being moment of Inertia) I then manipulated the forumla to find v at 4.43 m/s.

The next question asks that if the wheel did not roll on the way down would the speed be affected. I said yes and just took the KE Rotaional out of the question to find a different v.

Thirdly the question asked that if the slope was changed to 1in6 would the velocity be affected?? I answered no because the wheel would still be at the same height. Changing the slope would only chage the time it would take for the wheel to reach the bottom.

Am I along the right lines???

2. I have another question that asks how much power is required to drive a conveyor belt for the inital acceleration stage. The figures I have so far are as follows.

w= 6 rads/s, Pheta = 9 Rads. The initial angular acceleration is 2 rads/s. The wheel has a diameter of 0.4meters and a mass of 50kg. The belt has no mass.

Firstly I worked out KE rotational to give me 18 Joules.

Then am I right in saying that the torque is = J x angular rotation (J being Moment of Inertia). that gave me 2Newton Meters.

I then used Power = Torque x speed (I used (2Pi x w) for speed) that gave me 75.398 watts.

Am I along the right lines????

Any guidance much appreciated
 

Answers and Replies

AlephZero
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
6,953
291
1. You say "there is no friction involved" but then you say the wheel rolls. The only reason it will roll is because of friction between the wheel and the slope.

You assumed the friction was large enough to make it roll without any slipping.

Apart from that, your method for finding the speed when it rolls and when it slides are OK (but I didn't check your arithmetic). You are right, the angle of the slope doesn't affect the final speed.

2. Check the units. The initial angular acceleration can't be 2 rad/s because that is an angular velocity not accleration. It could be 2 rad/s^2.

Torque = J x angular acceleration (I'm not sure what you meant by "angular rotation"). Your answer of "2 Newton meters" seems wrong, the angular accel is 2 rad/s^2 (probably) but I don't think the wheel has J = 1.

Power = torque x angular velocity (again I'm not sure what you meant by "speed"). The angular velocities and accelerations in the question are given in rad/s and rad/s^2, so the factor of 2 pi shouldn't be in your equation.
 

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