I want to put this thread in the right context. After reading a plethora of physics literature for many years I have no doubt the people with advanced degrees in physics who work on this stuff are much smarter than me. I don’t believe my observations haven’t already been considered and dismissed for good cause however; the connections and dismissal are not apparent in the volumes of literature I’ve read. This has left me with nagging questions to which I seek answers? I accept there may be unobservable dynamics of the related phenomena that are not translatable to the observable outcomes however; I do try to put empirical evidence, logical progression, and methodical reasoning ahead of enigmatic solutions, and I am able to put aside intuition where evidence indicates differently. It’s why I am so disturbed by my observations and the lack of literature or answers concerning them. Below is a brief description of what I believe is an accurate assessment of facts and observations. I don’t believe I’ve made speculative assumptions but please correct them if I have. I believe most people would agree that in the broadest sense time represents change. I also believe if we asked the question, what is the cause of change; most physicists would agree that fundamentally observable change necessitates (and results in) *energy changing position (*energy in a broad sense from particles to matter). All clocks I’ve studied including atomic cesium clocks base their time output on some increment (a piece) of motion [I can provide the functional details with references for Cesium clocks if needed]. While motion is defined as a change in position per time, the time standard itself is an increment of motion. Just as the phenomenon being measured for a mass standard is a quantity of energy, it seems apparent the phenomenon (and quantity) of the time standard is an increment of energy’s change in position (motion). What has necessitated us to pass over this simple empirical evidence that time is a measure of energy’s change in position, in lieu of our current enigmatic view of time?