# Air track - Inclined Plane experiment

## Homework Statement

I am about to do an experiment where we masure the average speed of a cart released from the top of an inclined plane that has little friction (air track). The speed measurement is done by a photo gate. This is repeated a hundred times.

## Homework Equations

I need to come up with a way to check how the air flow from the air track affects the movement of the cart. More accurately - I need to check how to air flow affects the random error of the speed measurements.

## The Attempt at a Solution

I could calculate the difference between theory and experiment and find out how everything other than plane's friction and problems' parameters affect the movement. But I cannot isolate the air flow.
Any ideas?

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
Welcome to PF;
Are you measuring the average speed for the trip down the inclined track or are you measuring the average speed through a photogate at the bottom of the track?

Why do you need to isolate the air flow? What are you trying to isolate it from? What are the sources of error in this experiment?

I'm measuring the average speed average speed through a photogate in a fixed point somewhere in the middle of the track.
I was asked to make measurements that isolate the air flow. Other sources of error are: friction between the cart and the track, air friction, errors when measuring the incline of the track (accuracy of the ruler), enviornment causes such as table movement.

Nidum
Gold Member
Please post a clear diagram or picture of your experimental set up .

Nidum
Gold Member
But how does the air rail work ?

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
I am confused you say you have friction from the air rail separate from the effect of the air.
Does the cart touch the track?

Anyway - yuor approach is first to understand how the air rail works - how might the air affect things?
It is unclear from the question what is being asked of you.
You have to isolate the effect of the air flow on what aspect of the motion?
ie. do you need to isolate it's contribution to the uncertainty on speed measurements?
Are you supposed to rework the experiment design to reveal how the passage through the photogate is affected by the airflow?
What do they mean by "airflow"? Speed of the jets? Spacing of the jets? Volume of air per second through the machine?

andrevdh
Homework Helper
PhysicEng I think you have got it right, that is the influence of the airflow will show up in the randomness of the errors since any variation in the support of the cart by the airflow will change the recorder speed. It might also change if atmospheric conditions change - pressure, temperature, humidity....

Nidum