• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Angular Velocity and Acceleration

  • #1
27
1

Homework Statement


If a bike wheel rotates 9.4 times while slowing down to a stop from an initial angular velocity of 8.1 rad/s, what is the magnitude of the angular acceleration in rad/s/s

Homework Equations


α = at / r
α = ω / t
α = Θ / t^2
ω = Θ / t
ω = v / r
Θ = ω t + 0.5 α t^2
v final = v initial + at → ω final = ω initial + αt
some of these formulas may be useless, and there possibly are some others not mentioned that i do not know :/

The Attempt at a Solution


Knowing the initial angular velocity is 8.1 and the final is 0 since the wheel stops, i used
ω final = ω initial + αt
0 = 8.1 + αt
it spins 9.4 times in the time frame during which it slows down, but the radius of the wheel is not given. And i do not know which ω to use in the equation ω = Θ / t in order to find time. If i could get time, then i could use the equation α = ω / t or α = Θ / t^2. Am i even approaching this correctly? if not can somebody point me in the right direction?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
BvU
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
2019 Award
13,005
3,003
Hi,

There is another SUVAT equation you need to translate into uniformly decelerated angular motion: ##s = s_0 + v_0 t + {1\over 2} at^2##.

##\theta## takes the place of s (and one revolution is ##2\pi##) to give you a second equation. That way you have 2 eqns for ##\alpha## and ##t##, so you should be able to solve.
 
  • #3
27
1
Hi,

There is another SUVAT equation you need to translate into uniformly decelerated angular motion: ##s = s_0 + v_0 t + {1\over 2} at^2##.

##\theta## takes the place of s (and one revolution is ##2\pi##) to give you a second equation. That way you have 2 eqns for ##\alpha## and ##t##, so you should be able to solve.
i am still confused as to what two equations these are, if you could provide them for me or hint at what they would be i would greatly appreciate it. I am unsure of what s0 would be, i understand that theta substitutes for s, but it couldn't be for both sides. Is 2pi x 9.4 supposed to be s?
 
  • #4
BvU
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
2019 Award
13,005
3,003
$$\theta(t) = \theta_0 + \omega_0 t + {1\over 2} \alpha t^2 $$ it's that simple (for constant angular acceleration/deceleration -- then ##\alpha < 0##).

You don't know ##\theta(t)## and ##\theta_0## but you do know their difference (indeed, the angle you mention).
 

Related Threads for: Angular Velocity and Acceleration

Replies
5
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
14K
Replies
4
Views
164
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
870
Replies
5
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
10K
Top