Weinberg wrote that in 3D and higher spaces all particles must be bosons or fermions. The proof used the fact that particles are really indistinguishable i.e. we can't "mark" any particle and the mathematical replacement of two particles of the same type should not change any physical observable.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

Yet in 2D space there anyons are possible. The particles' trajectories can nontrivially wrap over themselves and thus they are distinguishable. A particle spacetime history is its "mark". This is possible only in 2D space, since in higher dimensions all trajectories are topologically equivalent.

Now what if 3D space had some nontrivial topology? I.e. there is a wormhole or there is some elementary string or loop that particles can wrap around. This would give us the neccessary topological mark so the proof does not pass.

Does anyone know if anyons can exist in higher-dimensional spaces with nontrivial topology?

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# Are anyons possible in higher dimensions?

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