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Astronomy - ratio of the magnitude of the force of sun and moon gravity

  1. Feb 13, 2009 #1
    I've been reading and reading and trying to figure this out, but I just can't. Any help anyone can give will be appreciated. It is probably simple as hell, but for some reason my stupid brain can't get it..

    The formula/equation is:

    equation3.jpg

    What I have to do is:

    exercise.jpg

    Now, I'm not looking for someone to do it for me I am just looking for help..

    I plugged in all the numbers to what I think is right, but I got:

    2.660226612 * 10 ^ -46

    I don't think that is right...
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 13, 2009 #2

    cjl

    User Avatar

    Definitely not right.

    How have you been plugging it in so far? It really is just a simple matter of plugging the values into the equation, so the only real effort necessary is in ensuring that you have entered all of the values correctly and with the correct order of operations.

    Make sure when you enter in the values that you are putting them in properly - note that the mass on top is the mass of the sun, but the distance on top is actually the distance to the moon. Once you plug in those values, you should get the correct answer (and the correct answer is definitely >1, so if you get another amazingly small number, you might want to check your inputs again)
     
  4. Feb 13, 2009 #3
    I redid it and got a different answer, I was doing the 1.50 * 10^8 squared wrong. So, how I plugged them in is:

    (1.989 * 10^33) * (1.47456 * 10^11) / (7.35 * 10^25) * (2.25 * 10^16)

    I got: 8.98 * 10^34

    Now, I believe it should be a decimal number right? I have to insert the number into the white box in my second picture there, and I don't have enough text to type that. What am I doing wrong?
     
  5. Feb 13, 2009 #4
    Okay, upon doing a little more and not using my calculator I got the final answer down to 1.77 * 10^2, or 177. This seems high, could the ratio be 177?
     
  6. Feb 13, 2009 #5

    cjl

    User Avatar

    177 should be right - it is what I get.

    The trick with stuff like this is often to know what you are really telling your calculator to do. A lot of times, you can ensure that it is doing things in the order that you think through the use of copious quantities of parentheses - otherwise, the operations may be different than you think.

    Oh, and to check it, you can use the relative masses and distances to compare. Msun/mmoon=2.7 *107
    Dsun/Dmoon (distance to each)= 390

    Note that the sun is 27 million times more massive, but only 390 times farther. The distance value is squared though, so you have to square this to get the effect on strength. The mass scales directly, so at the same distance, the sun would have 27 million times the gravity of the moon. Because it is 390 times farther though, it has 1/(390^2) the gravity that it would have at the distance of the moon. This effectively decreases its relative strength by a factor of 1/150,000. Therefore, the sun has 27 million times the strength if you correct for mass, and 1/150,000th the strength accounting for distance, so these effects combine to an overall effect of 27 million/150,000, which is equal to a factor of a hundred and eighty. This is about what you got, so it does seem right.
     
  7. Feb 13, 2009 #6
    Thanks a bunch man for your explanation. It helped a lot.

    I had to read what you explained a few times to get it, but I think I'm starting to understand more. The only thing my calculator was doing wrong at the beginning was squaring the 1.5 * 10^8, going from 10^8 to 10^64. I figured that out, and fixed it. Next, using the calculator it didn't subtract 42 from 44 when dividing, but it added. Once I figured that out I got 177 :)
     
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