# Blackhole breaking the speed limit of light?

• B
• youshouldtry11
In summary, a black hole has infinite gravity that even light can't escape from it, so even if you're trying to escape it, you'll be pulled in.
youshouldtry11
So, a black hole has infinite gravity that even light can't escape from it,
my question is,
the gravitational field of a black hole can even pull light into it,
then it means it is even faster than light, if not, light can escape from it.

Does this argument make any sense, please tell me! thanks

No, it doesn't!
Nothing can locally go faster than light and this means the trajectory of any particle(massive or not, so light or anything else) can only be of two special kinds(null for light and time-like for other particles). The reason nothing can get out of a black hole, is that inside a black hole particles can have no trajectory of those kinds that leads to outside the black hole.

ShayanJ said:
No, it doesn't!
Nothing can locally go faster than light and this means the trajectory of any particle(massive or not, so light or anything else) can only be of two special kinds(null for light and time-like for other particles). The reason nothing can get out of a black hole, is that inside a black hole particles can have no trajectory of those kinds that leads to outside the black hole.

Sorry for my stupidity, but can you explain in easier words,
so, light is unable to escape from a black hole because of the black hole puts light on a trajectory that doesn't allow light to escape?
From my understanding the black hole has a infinite strong gravitational force that pulls light to it once it enters the event horizon. So this proves the gravitational force of the black hole is indeed breaking the speed limit of light?

I understand that speed should not exceed the speed limit but i was trying to think of situations,
thanks

Last edited by a moderator:
youshouldtry11 said:
Sorry for my stupidity, but can u explain in easier words,

Its ok, this is pretty advanced stuff and you don't have the background. Its not called stupidity.

youshouldtry11 said:
so, light is unable to escape from a black hole because of the black hole puts light on a trajectory that doesn't allow light to escape?
From my understanding the black hole has a infinite strong gravitational force that pulls light to it once it enters the event horizon. So this proves the gravitational force of the black hole is indeed breaking the speed limit of light?

To put it in a simpler way, gravity is the same as deformations of spacetime from being flat. This means that at every point of space and at any instant of time, its gravity that determines what it means to go forward in time. And actually sometimes there isn't even a unique time, but that doesn't concern us here.

A black hole changes the structure of spacetime in a way that inside its horizon, going forward in time means getting closer to the singularity. So inside the horizon of a black hole, its the definition of time to get stuck in there and get closer to the singularity.

youshouldtry11 said:
So, a black hole has infinite gravity that even light can't escape from it,
my question is,
the gravitational field of a black hole can even pull light into it,
then it means it is even faster than light, if not, light can escape from it.
Your notion that a gravitational field has a speed isn't correct. The gravitational field of a black hole is static. What makes it a black hole is that its gravitational pull is so strong that even light can't escape. At its surface called event horizon light emitted there moves locally with c. There it just isn't pulled towards the singularity and just doesn't escape either.

Dale
Thread moved to the relativity forum as it is more appropriate there.

youshouldtry11 said:
So, a black hole has infinite gravity that even light can't escape from it,
my question is,
the gravitational field of a black hole can even pull light into it,
then it means it is even faster than light, if not, light can escape from it.

Does this argument make any sense, please tell me! thanks

Light moves faster than anything with a rest mass, in the sense that if you have a fair race between light and whatever else (i.e. something with rest mass) that you're racing against, the light will finish the race first. This does not mean that there aren't some race courses that even light can't finish, specifically light can not always "catch up" to something if that "something" has a head start.

So while there isn't anything that's "faster" than the light, this statement in no way implies that light can escape a black hole. It should be understood that when we say the speed of light is the limiting speed, we simply mean that nothing can beat light in a fair race. It doesn't say anything about "unfair" races.

It's a bit mathematical, but one can gain a lot of insight by studying the "Rindler Horizon" that occurs in accelerated space-ships. Using the principle of equivalence, one can make useful analogies between the behavior of light in an accelerating spaceship and the behavior of light in a gravitational field. It's helpful to read up on the "principle of equivalence" and "Einstein's elevator" to understand how an accelerating elevator can create something that looks like "gravity". I don't have any great beginner level references on the Principle of equivalence handy, and it's a bit of a digression, so I won't be more specific other than to mention it as something that could be useful to learn more about.

For an intermediate level treatment (with calculus) of the Rinlder horizon,you might try Greg Egan's treatment at http://www.gregegan.net/SCIENCE/Rindler/RindlerHorizon.html. I'm not aware of any good non-calculus beginner level treatments of the Rindler horizon, unfortunately. Wiki's treatment of the topic, for instance, seems to be at least at the same level as Egan's, and to my mind much more terse and harder to follow.

To summarize: light is the fastest thing around, but under circumstances such as the black hole event horizon, or the Rindler horizon on an accelerating space-ship, it's simply not "fast enough". Lght is the fastest thing that exists according to the laws of physics as we currently understand them, so what this means is that if light can't escape a black hole, nothing can.

youshouldtry11 said:
So this proves the gravitational force of the black hole is indeed breaking the speed limit of light?
There is no "gravity leaving the black hole". The apparent gravitational attration is there because spacetime is deformed. In the easiest case, the deformation is static - nothing changes, nothing moves. Nothing breaks the speed of light.

Many features of black holes can be understood graphically in Kruskal–Szekeres coordinates. Image from "Dr Greg" there:

Region I is the world outside the black hole, region II is inside the black hole. Region III and IV don't matter here. The upper hyperbola labeled "r=0" is the center of the black hole. The future is upwards, space is left/right.
Light always travels upwards parallel to one of the two orthogonal lines. It can go towards the upper left, going from region I to region II: it can enter the black hole. Light starting in region II cannot leave it and will hit the center.

Particles with mass have to travel "between" the two light directions: they have to move upwards, and sidewards slower than light. They can also enter the black hole, but cannot leave it.

stoomart
youshouldtry11 said:
From my understanding the black hole has a infinite strong gravitational force that pulls light to it once it enters the event horizon. So this proves the gravitational force of the black hole is indeed breaking the speed limit of light?
The logic is flawed. Light is also trapped by a black body or a wall or a mirror, without any of those things going faster than light. They were already present when the light ran into them. Similarly the static gravitational field was already there when the light entered it. It didn't have to go faster than light, the light came to it.

ShayanJ said:
Its ok, this is pretty advanced stuff and you don't have the background. Its not called stupidity.
To put it in a simpler way, gravity is the same as deformations of spacetime from being flat. This means that at every point of space and at any instant of time, its gravity that determines what it means to go forward in time. And actually sometimes there isn't even a unique time, but that doesn't concern us here.

A black hole changes the structure of spacetime in a way that inside its horizon, going forward in time means getting closer to the singularity. So inside the horizon of a black hole, its the definition of time to get stuck in there and get closer to the singularity.

thankyou for helping me out,
so the

Thankyou everyone for such kind and complete answers, appreciate it !

## 1. How is it possible for a black hole to break the speed limit of light?

According to Einstein's theory of relativity, the speed of light is the maximum speed at which any object can travel. However, black holes are not considered traditional objects and are not bound by the same rules. They have an incredibly strong gravitational pull, which causes space-time to stretch and bend, allowing them to break the speed limit of light.

## 2. What does it mean for a black hole to break the speed limit of light?

When a black hole breaks the speed limit of light, it means that the speed at which it is pulling objects towards it is faster than the speed of light. This results in a point of no return, known as the event horizon, where the gravitational pull is so strong that not even light can escape.

## 3. How do scientists measure the speed of a black hole?

Scientists use a variety of methods to measure the speed of a black hole. One common method is to observe the movement of matter around the black hole, as the speed of this matter can give an indication of the black hole's speed. Another method is to use gravitational lensing, which involves measuring the bending of light around the black hole to determine its speed.

## 4. Is it possible for a black hole to travel faster than the speed of light?

No, it is not possible for a black hole to travel faster than the speed of light. While a black hole can break the speed limit of light within its own vicinity, it is still bound by the overall speed limit of the universe. This means that a black hole cannot travel faster than the speed of light in a vacuum.

## 5. What implications does a black hole breaking the speed limit of light have for our understanding of physics?

The fact that black holes can break the speed limit of light challenges our current understanding of physics and the laws of the universe. It suggests that there may be other phenomena or forces at play that we have yet to discover. It also highlights the need for further research and exploration to gain a deeper understanding of the complexities of the universe.

Replies
62
Views
4K
Replies
5
Views
357
Replies
11
Views
1K
Replies
21
Views
2K
Replies
15
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
753
Replies
13
Views
339
Replies
16
Views
2K
Replies
15
Views
3K
Replies
4
Views
1K