1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Block Sliding Down A Ramp

  1. Dec 15, 2009 #1
    Hi! This is my first post, so if I do anything incorrectly I apologize :redface:


    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A block of wood slides first down and then up a ramp inclined at 25°. Assume the block/ramp kinetic friction coefficient = 0.2. The block starts from rest at position located 3.2 m up from the lowest point on the ramp. After sliding down, the block bounces back at the lowest point. The speed just after the bounce is only 87% of what it was just before the bounce.

    a) Draw the free-body diagram for the block during the downward motion.
    b) Using the above diagram, find the block's acceleration on the way down.
    c) How much time does the block travel until it hits the lowest point?
    d) Draw the free-body diagram for the block during the upward motion.
    e) Using this diagra, find the block's acceleration on the way up.
    f) Find the time the block spends moving up after the bounce until it reaches the highest point.
    g) How far is that point from the bounce-point?



    2. Relevant equations
    --

    3. The attempt at a solution

    a) I have the FBD drawn correctly, no help needed here.

    b) a = -g sin(25°) - 0.2cos(25°)
    a = -2.37 m/s^2 (I am pretty sure this is correct as well)

    c) time = square root of 2d/a = square root of (2(3.2)/2.37)
    t = 1.64 seconds (not feeling good about this part)

    d) No help needed on the FBD.

    e) -g sin(25°) + 0.2cos(25°)
    a = -5.92 m/s^2

    f) velocity = t * |a| = 1.64 * 2.37 = 3.89 m/s
    3.89 * 82% = 3.19 m/s
    t = v/|a| = 3.19/5.92 = 0.54 seconds

    g) distance = v*t
    d = (3.19)(0.54) = 1.72 m

    I don't feel like I did c, f, or g correctly. Sorry this was so long and probably hard to read. I am just getting used to this! Any help would be appreciated, even if it is only for one of the letters. Thank you!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 16, 2009 #2

    kuruman

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Hi justbreathe87. Welcome to PF.

    It is not correct for the following reasons:

    1. It is dimensionally incorrect. The first term has (correctly) dimensions of acceleration, but the second term does not.

    2. When the block is sliding down the incline, the component of the acceleration g sin(25o) is in the direction of motion (down the incline) but the second term which is due to friction is in the opposite direction (up the incline). The two terms then must have opposite algebraic signs. If one is positive, the other one must be negative. You have written them both with the same sign.

    Once you have the correct value for the acceleration you can proceed to the other parts.

    Part (c) the method is correct.
    Part (e), again you need to watch your dimensions and the relative signs. Here the two terms of the acceleration must have the same relative sign, because they both point down the incline when the block is moving up the incline.
    Part (f), the method is correct
    Part (g), you need to use the kinematic equation to find the distance. You know the initial velocity, you know the acceleration and you know the time. The equation
    distance = v*t is valid only when the acceleration is zero.
     
    Last edited: Dec 16, 2009
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Block Sliding Down A Ramp
Loading...