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when deriving a distribution function using a purely statistical approach, boltzmann uses some kind of a phase space, that is one with 6N dimentions, 3 for position, 3 for momentum. i see some really short descripions of it but not enough to understand it.

all i need is an example, like 3 molecules with only 3 units of energy to share. how would this be split up into the possible states in phase space? and what does phase space accomplish in this derivation.

any brainiacs know how to explain this well???

thanks for any insight. or links, or books,...