# Calculating Input impedance of a CC amplifier

• brainbaby
In summary, the input impedance of a CC amplifier can be calculated using either a series resistor method or a plot method. The value found using the series resistor method is 1001.5257 Ω, but the value found using the plot method is 1909.066 Ω.
brainbaby
TL;DR Summary
comparing input impedance calculated manually and via ltspice
Hi friends,

Here is a CC amplifier
The objective is to calculate its input impedance.
Two ways are employed.
*calculating input impedance using series resistor method (manual method) (refer first two attachment)
V1 = 1mV = 0.001 V
V2 = 656.4129mV = 0.6564129 V
R = 1K
Iin = 343.83207µA = 0.0003438 A
Zin = R / V1/V2 -1
Zin = 1001.5257 Ohm (input impedance)

The value on Zin found out by series resistor method is 1001.5257 Ω at 10khz
But Zin calculated via plot method (ltspice) i.e Vtest/ Itest is 1909.066 Ω at 10khz for reference

My query is that both the method should yield the same value for Zin.
Why do the Zin values calculated by both methods differ?

fig- input impedance via Vtest/ Itest (ltspice plot method)

Note: attached are two .asc files which represent the calculation of input impedance using series resistor manual method & plot method i.e Vtest/ I test.

Thanks

#### Attachments

• Screenshot 2021-10-15 at 10.54.33 PM.png
7 KB · Views: 90
• Screenshot 2021-10-16 at 7.12.10 AM.png
10.3 KB · Views: 88
• input impedance ltspice plot method.txt
1.5 KB · Views: 106
• input impedance series resistor method.txt
1.9 KB · Views: 95
Last edited:
Judging by your power supply polarity, I think the 2N3906 in your files.asc.txt need to be inverted.
Ctrl R twice, followed by ctrl E.
Let us know if that does not make a difference.

brainbaby
Baluncore said:
Judging by your power supply polarity, I think the 2N3906 in your files.asc.txt need to be inverted.
Ctrl R twice, followed by ctrl E.
Inverting 2N3906 yield input impedance way out of proportion to 8kΩ
however, inverting the power supply brings the value of input impedance down to 1030Ω or 1.03kΩ around 10khz which seems very much reasonable near to my calculated value of 1001 Ω. Isn't?

B..B..B..But the OP specified a Common Collector ckt. (Emitter Follower), it is now a Common Emitter ckt.

The original ckt was using the transistor in 'inverted' (? 'inverse') mode, swapping the Emitter and Collector. They can operate that way, but not very well.

No wonder the results were confusing.

brainbaby
Your first figure shows a common emitter with a crazy bias network, not a CC amplifier.

Your second figure looks better.

I get Zin = 7.1093266 k ohm, no matter how I do it.
Plot "1k0*V(V2)/V(v1,v2)" or "V(V2)/I(Rs)" to get identical results.

Don't forget that the voltages and currents are vectors. You must allow for phase if you do the computation from the magnitude only.

brainbaby
Here are my LTspice .asc and .plt files.

#### Attachments

• series_resistor2.asc.txt
1.6 KB · Views: 86
• series_resistor2.plt.txt
293 bytes · Views: 89
If I assume frequency = 10 kHz, and the 2N3906 beta is 200, then compute complex impedance as I work my way from right to left across the ladder diagram, I get; Zin = 7127.45 ohms.
That compares well with LTspice Zin = 7109.3266 ohms.

brainbaby
Baluncore said:
1k0*V(V2)/V(v1,v2)
I didn't comprehend this. what does 1k0 signify here?

The current i, through the 1k0 resistor drops a voltage = i * 1000 = V(V1,V2).
We must divide the V(V1,V2) by 1000 = 1k0 to scale Zin.
Since it is inverse we multiply.

Here is the impedance at 10 kHz, with beta = 193.1
Code:
  Impedance       Resistance     Reactance
Initial RL   (  +1000.000000    +0.000000 j ) ohms
Series C1    (  +1000.000000    -1.591549 j ) ohms
Parallel R3  (   +500.000317    -0.397887 j ) ohms
Beta = 193.1 ( +96550.061141   -76.832000 j ) ohms
Parallel R1  ( +24593.986082    -4.985338 j ) ohms
Parallel R2  (  +7109.324214    -0.416575 j ) ohms
Series C2    (  +7109.324214   -16.332069 j ) ohms
Magnitude Zin = +7109.342973 ohms
LTspice   Zin =  7109.3266 ohms

brainbaby
brainbaby said:
I didn't comprehend this. what does 1k0 signify here?
1k0 is 1000 ohms. Have a look at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_collector

For a sanity check calculation using figure 3 of the wiki page we have Rin = β*RE for the transistor and RE alone.

Your circuit has R3 = 1000 ohms (1k0) in parallel with RL = 1000 ohms; that gives RE = 500 ohms for the load on the emitter. From that using Rin = β*RE with β ~ 200, we get Rin = 100000 ohms at the base. But the two resistors of the bias network are in parallel with that, so finally Zin of the total circuit is given by
Zin = R1 || R2 || β*RE which is approximately 7127 ohms.

brainbaby

## What is input impedance?

Input impedance is a measure of the resistance that a circuit presents to the input signal. It is the ratio of the input voltage to the input current and is typically measured in ohms.

## Why is calculating input impedance important for a CC amplifier?

Calculating input impedance is important for a CC amplifier because it helps determine the amount of load that the amplifier can handle and how it will affect the overall performance of the circuit.

## What factors affect the input impedance of a CC amplifier?

The input impedance of a CC amplifier is affected by the gain of the amplifier, the resistance of the load, and the feedback network used in the circuit.

## How is input impedance calculated for a CC amplifier?

The input impedance of a CC amplifier can be calculated by dividing the input voltage by the input current. This can also be done by measuring the input voltage and current and using Ohm's Law (Z = V/I) to calculate the impedance.

## What are some common methods for improving input impedance in a CC amplifier?

Some common methods for improving input impedance in a CC amplifier include using a buffer circuit, using a high-gain amplifier, and using a feedback network with a high input impedance.

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