Calculating work done in this thermodynamic cycle

1. Jan 25, 2014

Urmi Roy

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

In the thermodynamic cycle as shown,
a) What is the direction that the cycle is executed-clockwise or anticlockwise?
b) What is the work done?

2. Relevant equations

First law of thermodynamics for a cycle

E2-E1= Q-W= Tds-Pdv=0

3. The attempt at a solution

a) I know that it should be clockwise because I read that when ∫Tds is positive, the cycle on a T-S diagram should be represented in the positive direction. However, I don't understand this completely.

b) I know it is the area inside the semicircle, but I don't know how I'm going to integrate it.

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2. Jan 25, 2014

Staff: Mentor

Hi Urmi. How's it going?

E2-E1= Q-W= ∫Tds-∫Pdv=0. Note the integral signs.

As a result of this, because the change in internal energy around the cycle is zero, you must have that:

∫Pdv=∫Tds

What is the equation for the amount of work done in this reversible process on the surroundings?

Chet

3. Jan 28, 2014

Urmi Roy

Hi Chet! I'm doing fine. Preparing for H&M transfer next sem and revising thermo a bit.

So I understand about the integrals. As to your question, isn't it just that the area under the T-dS plot? Since we don't know what type of processes are represented by each line (adiabatic/polytropic) except for the straight line part (which is isothermal) we don't really have a formula to calculate the work, right?

4. Jan 28, 2014

Staff: Mentor

Once you assume that the cycle is reversible, you have what you need. In that case P is the pressure of the gas, and the area of the cycle on the TS plot is equal to the work. You are not calculating the work directly from PdV, but you are using what you know about the first and second laws to deduce the amount of work.

Chet

5. Jan 29, 2014

Urmi Roy

Yup, that's what I said in the first post too. However, (maybe this is a math question) How do I calculate the area here? Its not just π*r^2...

Also you didn't say anything about the clockwise/anti clockwise concept...

6. Jan 30, 2014

Staff: Mentor

Actually, if you look at the scales on S and T, to the eye it looks like, coincidentally, the integral actually is πr2/2. Regarding clockwise or anticlockwise, it depends on whether the system is doing work on the surroundings or whether the surroundings are doing work on the system. The problem doesn't say.

7. Jan 31, 2014

Urmi Roy

Right, so since the radius is 200K (along the temperature axis) and 200 KJ/K for the entropy axis, it's just pi*(200)^2?

Referring to (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermodynamic_cycle), I'm guessing even though in a cycle the net work is the same whether you go clockwise or anticlockwise, if you go anticlockwise, you're subtracting a larger value from the smaller value...so its negative...similarly in a T-S diagram.

I hope this sounds good.

Last edited: Jan 31, 2014
8. Jan 31, 2014

Staff: Mentor

It's a semicircle, not a circle.

Just figure out which direction makes the integral of TdS positive and which direction makes it negative (on your figure).