Main Question or Discussion Point
Why are charged objects attracted to neutral objects? If I'm correct, electrons and protons aren't attracted to neutrons.
Agreed. Ballon skin is an insulator and so charge can't flow to/from wall from/to parts of balloon skin not actually in contact with wall. In fact, balloon skin isn't a perfect insulator, and balloon falls off sooner or later. [Also the air isn't a perfect insulator.]I don't think the charge can move from the balloon to the wall.