1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data This is really 3 questions in one but I figure it can be grouped together: 1. The vector A = i xy + j (2y-z2) + k xz. is in rectangular coordinates (bold i,j,k denote unit vectors). Transform the vector to spherical coordinates in the unit vector basis. 2. Transform the vector in Problem 1 into its covariant components in spherical coordinates. 3. Transform the vector in Problem 1 into its contravariant components in spherical coordinates. 2. Relevant equations Transform equations, relationship to between covariant and contravariant components. 3. The attempt at a solution I feel really bad because this is like the 3rd time I have posted on here in an attempt to get help but I am out of options with my college professor. Last time I asked for help his only response was STUDY HARDER! It is really hard to when he doesn't provide decent examples and solid theory. Anyways, I need help understanding some of what he is talking about above. I know how to transform A into spherical coordinates. does the unit vector basis referred to mean in r,θ,φ? If so I know what he is asking then and can solve that. My REAL problem, is figuring out how to come up with covariant and contravariant components. Will they end up being vectors? I have checked wikipedia and several questions on this forum but just can't seem to make the connection. ANY help at all is greatly appreciated.