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Derive the Electric Field Outside an Ideal Conductor

  1. Jul 7, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Begin from the expression of the electric field outside an infinite sheet of uniform surface charge density, [itex]E=\frac{σ}{2\epsilon}[/itex]. Derive the electric field just outside an ideal conductor: [itex]E=\frac{σ}{\epsilon}[/itex]. Do NOT use Gauss's law.


    2. Relevant equations
    Not sure.


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Any tips on how I can solve this problem?

    NOTE:
    I removed my attempt at a solution, but I did try.
     
    Last edited: Jul 7, 2013
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 9, 2013 #2
    Hi, I think you just use superposition principle in electric field. Imagining that there are two ideal wires in parallel with the current flowing in the opposite direction. Then the electric field between two wires is calculated as follows:
    E = E1 + E2
    where E1, E2 is the electric field of each ideal wire at the said point.
    They have the same value but opposite direction.
    E1 = E2 = σ/2ε
    I think it is a bit like the electric field between two plates of capacitor.
    attachment.php?attachmentid=60140&stc=1&d=1373349736.jpg
    It is my opinion, maybe I am wrong.
     

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  4. Jul 9, 2013 #3

    collinsmark

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    Gold Member

    Anhnha's advice should put you on the right track; it's not exactly the same as a parallel plate capacitor, but the idea is very similar.

    The key bit of knowledge for this particular problem is that the [static] electric field within the conducting material itself is zero. So you need to make the vector sum of all electric fields inside the conductor add to zero (some electric fields may be originating from charges located somewhere else, such as the opposite side of the conductor or whatnot [it doesn't really matter where the other charges are] -- whatever the case, all electric fields must all sum to zero inside the conductor). By doing so, what then is the electric field just outside the conductor? :wink:
     
    Last edited: Jul 9, 2013
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