# Deriving the mass conservation integral in GR

## Homework Statement

Starting from a general axisymmetric metric
ds^2=g_tt dt^2 + 2g_tφ dtdφ +g_φφ dφ^2 + g_rr dr^2+g_θθ dθ^2 ...(0)
where the metric components are functions of the coordinates r and θ only.

I've managed to show (via Euler-Lagrange equations) that
g_tt dt/dτ + g_tφ dφ/dτ = E ...(1) and
g_tφ dt/dτ + g_φφ dφ/dτ = -L_z ...(2)
(where E and L_z are constants, and τ an affine parameter)

I am required to derive the mass conservation integral:
g_rr (dr/dτ)^2 + g_θθ (dθ/dτ)^2 = -V_eff (r,θ,E,L_z)
which I'm having trouble doing.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Dividing (0) by dτ^2 and substituting (1) and (2), and re-arranging gives:
g_rr (dr/dτ)^2 + g_θθ (dθ/dτ)^2 = (ds/dτ)^2 - E dt/dτ + L_z dφ/dτ ...(3)
but I'm not sure where to go from here.

I thought about trying to solve (1) and (2) simultaneously for dt/dτ and dφ/dτ to substitute into (3) but that doesn't seem to work.

I'd appreciate any help, thanks.

## The Attempt at a Solution

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I've spent a bit more time and still no luck. Any pointers?

Should I latex it up to get responses?

diazona
Homework Helper
Should I latex it up to get responses?
Just the fact that you didn't use LaTeX isn't itself a reason for people not to answer your question, but it would definitely help if you can put those formulas in LaTeX. I just tried reading through your question and it's kind of hard to parse with the formulas written out in text.

Just the fact that you didn't use LaTeX isn't itself a reason for people not to answer your question, but it would definitely help if you can put those formulas in LaTeX. I just tried reading through your question and it's kind of hard to parse with the formulas written out in text.
Thanks for your help, I'll do that then.