Hey guys, I'm new to this forum and was hoping to get a clear answer regarding the difference between 1D, 2D and 3D flows in hydraulics (ex. 2D Numerical Model...) ? Thanks a bunch! -A.
It usually refers to the number spatial (or time) dimensions over which the flow variables vary in a given situation or problem.
Thanks for the response! So if you say 2D flow - it's the flow in a plane whereas 1D would be linear?
Pretty much, though a 1D flow would be awfully uninteresting. A 2-D flow may also arise if, say, the flow is axisymmetric.
The flow around a cone at zero angle of attack, the flow around the Apollo space capsule if it is at zero angle of attack the flow around the front end of a missile, the flow around a non-rotating sphere (in the Stokes limit), and the flow out of a rocket engine would all be examples of axisymmetric flows.
A 3D flow assumes that a particle of fluid can go either forward or backward, up or down, left or right. All flows are 3D, but some can be estimated to a 2D or even 1D flow to simplified the calculations without loosing to much accuracy. For example, you can study an airplane wing section to evaluate its lifting potential in 2D (particles goes from front to rear and can also go up or down): You can also study flow in a pipe in 1D situation (from inlet to outlet). In the above example, instead of considering the particles moving up and down when entering the enlarged pipe, we can just consider the area change: More info about One, Two and Three Dimensional Flows.