# Does there exist any electric field inside a charged conductor?

We know that there exists no electric field inside a conductor. But while calculating drift velocity of electrons inside an electric conductor, why do we consider the electrons are present inside the charged conductor?

Dale
Mentor
2020 Award
We know that there exists no electric field inside a conductor.
There certainly can exist an electric field inside a conductor. The electric field is proportional to the current density for ordinary conductors. This is known as Ohm's law

• FactChecker
Is it electric field or electric current?

nasu
Gold Member
Is it electric field or electric current?
Both. The electric field drives the electric current.

What you're referring to is probably what you get told in electrostatics at first, but the lack of an electric field is actually the condition for the static state, it can exist and as mentioned here causes a current to flow, this is now electrodynamics

• Anindya Mondal
Paul Colby
Gold Member
On the atomic scale there are always significant electric fields but these average out.

What you're referring to is probably what you get told in electrostatics at first, but the lack of an electric field is actually the condition for the static state, it can exist and as mentioned here causes a current to flow, this is now electrodynamics
Yeah, I refer to electrostatics

vanhees71
Gold Member
In electrostatics by definition you assume that all fields are time independent and that all current densities are vanishing, ##\vec{j}=0##. Now you have (in non-relativistic approximation) ##\vec{j}=\sigma \vec{E}##, where ##\sigma## is the electric conductivity of your medium. For a conductor ##\sigma \neq 0##, which implies that ##\vec{E}=0##, because in the electrostatic case you have by definition ##\vec{j}=0##.

• cnh1995
In electrostatics by definition you assume that all fields are time independent and that all current densities are vanishing, ##\vec{j}=0##. Now you have (in non-relativistic approximation) ##\vec{j}=\sigma \vec{E}##, where ##\sigma## is the electric conductivity of your medium. For a conductor ##\sigma \neq 0##, which implies that ##\vec{E}=0##, because in the electrostatic case you have by definition ##\vec{j}=0##.
I can't understand, please be elaborate.

vanhees71